Michael Louis Connell: killed before he could testify about GOP voter fraud

From Wikipedia:

Michael Louis Connell (November 30, 1963 – December 19, 2008) was a high-level Republican consultant who was subpoenaed in a case regarding alleged tampering with the 2004 U.S. Presidential election and a case involving thousands of missing emails pertaining to the political firing of U.S. Attorneys. Connell was killed when the plane he was flying crashed on December 19, 2008.”

 

Life

Connell was originally from Illinois and lived in Bath Township, near Akron, Ohio.[1] His company also maintained a website for the Swift Boat Veterans for Truth 527 group during the 2004 election.[2]

Request for protection

In July 2008, the lead attorney in the King Lincoln Bronzeville Neighborhood Association v. Blackwell case, Cliff Arnebeck, sent a letter [3] to U.S. Attorney General Michael Mukasey seeking protection for Connell as a witness in the case, saying he had been threatened. Arnebeck wrote, “We have been confidentially informed by a source we believe to be credible that Karl Rove has threatened Michael Connell, a principal witness we have identified in our King Lincoln case in federal court in Columbus, Ohio, that if he does not agree to ‘take the fall’ for election fraud in Ohio, his wife Heather will be prosecuted for supposed lobby law violations.” [4] Arnebeck claims that months later, his source called back and warned that Connell’s life was in danger.[5]

He was served with a subpoena in Ohio on September 22, 2008,[6] in a case alleging that vote-tampering during the 2004 presidential election resulted in civil rights violations. Connell, president of GovTech Solutions and New Media Communications, was a website designer and IT professional and created a website for Ohio Secretary of State Ken Blackwell that presented the results of the 2004 election in real time as they were tabulated. At the time, Blackwell was also chairman of the Bush-Cheney 2004 reelection effort in Ohio. Connell refused to testify or to produce documents relating to the system used in the 2004 and 2006 elections, lawyers said.[7]

Death

At about 6 p.m. on December 19, 2008, Connell was killed, at the age of 45,[1] in the crash of a single-engine 1997 Piper Saratoga private airplane, which he was flying, which occurred in Lake Township, between 2.5 and 3 miles short of the runway at the Akron-Canton Airport near Akron, Ohio. Connell was alone in the plane and had been returning from the College Park Airport in Maryland, near Washington, D.C..[8] The plane crashed on its final approach to the airport’s main runway, between two houses, one of which was vacant. Connell had flown the plane from the Akron-Canton Airport to the College Park Airport on December 18, 2008 and, according to the Stark County, Ohio coroner, Connell had on his person a receipt for a breakfast he had purchased in Washington, D.C. on December 19, 2008.

On December 31, 2008 it was reported that air traffic controllers had noted prior to the crash that Connell was off course, that they had been in communication with him regarding this, and that he had been trying to get back on course at the time of the crash. There were reported to have been no signs of mechanical problems with the plane.[9]

The National Transportation Safety Board published its final report into the accident that killed Connell on January 28, 2010. The board concluded that Connell had lost control of the aircraft as a result of disorientation while turning in cloud. During a pre-flight briefing Connell had commented that he wanted to return to Akron before the weather “went from bad to worse”. Several other pilots in the vicinity had reported severe icing at the time of the crash; Connell’s aircraft was not equipped or approved to fly in icing conditions.[10] A January 2010 article in Maxim Magazine speculated that because Connell possessed knowledge which, if revealed, would be damaging to high-level Republicans, his death may have been the result of sabotage of his aircraft,[11] particularly as his cell-phone was never recovered.[12] Project Censored, a small non-profit organization, has called for a Federal criminal investigation; and Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. has called the case “more serious than Watergate.” [13]

Resolution to censure these Democrats for undermining public education, contravening the Constitution, and aiding Republicans

WHEREAS Republicans have been trying for years to undermine public education by under-funding it and then blaming teachers and public schools for (poverty-related) low performance by students;

WHEREAS the State Constitution says that public education is the “paramount duty” of state government; that there should be a “general and uniform system of public schools”; and that “the entire revenue … shall be exclusively applied to the support of common schools”;

WHEREAS the state Supreme Court ruled in the McCleary decision that public schools are under-funded and later held the legislature in contempt for refusing to fund education;

WHEREAS the state Supreme Court ruled that charter schools are unconstitutional;

WHEREAS Democrats Judy Clibborn, Steve Hobbs,  Christopher Hurst, Ruth Kagi, Kristine Lytton, Jeff Morris, Mark Mullet, Eric Pettigrew, David Sawyer, Tana Senn, Larry Springer, Pat Sullivan, and Tim Sheldon voted for SB 6194, the charter school bill;

WHEREAS Governor Inslee allowed SB 6194 to become law;

WHEREAS  SB 6194 funds the existing charter schools and authorizes the creation of additional charter schools, even though McCleary is not yet funded; and

WHEREAS, regardless of whether the state Supreme Court rules SB 6194 to be unconstitutional, support by Democrats for SB 6194 legitimizes the notion of charter schools, empowers Republicans to argue that the current Supreme Court justices are too liberal, and moves the needle to the right on the issue of government funding for education;

WHEREAS the state Democratic Party Platform explicitly opposes charter schools;

WHEREAS handing a major bipartisan victory on this issue to Republicans in an election year strengthens their stature, gives them bragging rights, and increases the chances of their receiving funding from pro-charter school forces;

WHEREAS the narrow passage of I-1240 (the charter schools initiative) in 2012 was due to massive funding by the Walton family, Bill Gates, and other wealthy people opposed to public education;

WHEREAS the narrow support by the public for I-1240 is no justification for supporting charter schools, any more than past support by the public for Tim Eyman initiatives is any justification for supporting tax breaks for billionaires;

WHEREAS the charter school vote was contrary to the wishes of major Democratic constituencies, including Labor, teachers, and progressives;

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that we Democrats censure the behavior of these lawmakers.

by Donald A. Smith, PhD, PCO (41st LD, Bellevue)

Washington State caucus disasters

One of the Washington State Democratic Legislative District caucuses ran to 12:45 AM. It started at 12 noon.   Several other caucuses took six to eight hours.

On facebook the vast majority of people commenting want to do away with the caucus system and use a primary. For many people, the caucus experience was a nightmare. At mine, the police were ticketing and towing vehicles at one point.

Caucuses are an excellent way to discourage people from participating in the Democratic Party

Someone pointed out, though, that caucuses enable outside (nonorthodox) candidates like Sanders to win — at least in states with open caucses, like Washington. Open caucuses mean that anyone can declare themselves a Democrat and vote in the caucus.  This year it’s clear that thousands of Independents — many young people, in particular — caucused for Bernie Sanders.   In states which have closed caucuses or, like New York, which have a closed primary, it’s harder for outside candidates to win.

Also, with primaries, the less informed, more easily misled general public gets to vote, so it’s harder for a committed minority to take over.

On facebook Raechel Morera‎ wrote:

Did anyone else encounter issues with the state Democratic Party rule change about alternates moving to other precincts where delegates didn’t show up, as long as they pledged as an alternate for the same candidate?

We had 4 HRC supporters who pledged as Bernie alternates at their last caucus, move to other precincts still claiming to be Sanders alternates, then becoming Sanders delegates, and then change their final votes to Hillary. We all caught on because, we were running so behind, we decided to ask anyone changing their final vote to stand, instead of having to tally all the votes again, assuming no one was going to flip candidates at this point. These 4 people stood up and changed their votes, all from Bernie, to Hillary (which, come on, doesn’t happen). They had put on Hillary stickers and everything.

It was obvious this was something that was planned to try to throw the delegate count. Being there was only 4 of them, it didn’t make a difference, but it seemed obvious this change from the state party was in HRC’s favor and these people knew what they were doing.

Thought I should share. I was in the 44th District.

Ten reasons why WA superdelegates should support Bernie Sanders


1. Democrats in Washington State overwhelmingly voted for Bernie Sanders in the caucuses

72.7% of Washington Democratic caucus attendees preferred Sanders over Hillary. That’s a 45% preference for Sanders.   If superdelegates ignore such a wide preference, there will be an uproar, and justly so. An attendee to Gov. Inslee’s precinct caucus says that Inslee spoke in favor of Hillary but Sanders still won that precinct. It seems the party leaders are out of touch with the grassroots.

2. Hillary is a neocon’s neocon

As Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton was consistently one of the most hawkish voices in the Obama administration.

  • She said President Obama was wrong not to launch missile strikes on Syria in 2013.
  • She pushed hard for the overthrow of Qadaffi in 2011.
  • She supported the coup government in Honduras in 2009.
  • She has backed escalation and prolongation of war in Afghanistan.
  • She voted for the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
  • She skillfully promoted the White House justification for the war on Iraq.
  • She does not hesitate to back the use of drones for targeted killing.
  • She has consistently backed the military initiatives of Israel.
  • She was not ashamed to laugh at the killing of Qadaffi.
  • She has not hesitated to warn that she could obliterate Iran.
  • She is not afraid to antagonize Russia.
  • She helped facilitate a military coup in Ukraine.
  • She has the financial support of the arms makers and many of their foreign customers.
  • She waived restrictions at the State Department on selling weapons to Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Qatar, all states wise enough to donate to the Clinton Foundation.
  • She supported President Bill Clinton’s wars and the power of the president to make war without Congress.
  • She has advocated for arming fighters in Syria.
  • She supported a surge in Iraq even before President Bush did.

“I have a sense that she’s one of the more competent members of the current administration and it would be interesting to speculate about how she might perform were she to be president.” .Dick Cheney

“I’ve known her for many years now, and I respect her intellect. And she ran the State Department in the most effective way that I’ve ever seen.” .Henry Kissinger

“For this former Republican, and perhaps for others, the only choice will be to vote for Hillary Clinton. The party cannot be saved, but the country still can be.” .Robert Kagan, neocon co-creator of Project for the New American Century.

Source: http://hillaryisaneocon.com

3. The Clinton foundation is corrupt

See Charity watchdog: Clinton Foundation a .slush fund. and Deceit and power work in Hillary Clinton.s favor:

Yesterday, Judicial Watch released a batch of documents, obtained through a Freedom of Information Act request, that it says reveals blatant coordination between then-Secretary of State Clinton and the Clinton Foundation. Stunningly, the internal State Department emails expose Clinton.s eagerness to .thank [Clinton Foundation] supporters for their commitments.. Of course, these .commitments. must mean money. It.s incredible.

And, Clinton.s State Department was apparently coordinating meetings for Bill Clinton with foreign heads of state. If any other employee at the State Department had arranged such meetings for their spouse and actively thanked contributors to their spouse.s foundation, they would likely go to jail.

4. Hillary has close ties to the financial industry and depends on them for campaign funds.

Why won’t she release transcripts of her paid speeches to Goldman Sachs and other financial groups?

5. Democratic voters are sick of hawkish corporate sellouts

In various ways, Bill Clinton and Barack Obama have betrayed Democratic ideals, by promoting “free trade” agreements, by deregulating Wall Street, by surrounding themselves with Wall Street hacks, and by pursuing imperialistic military engagements and meddling.

6. Hillary might be indicted for the email scandal

Justice Dept. grants immunity to staffer who set up Clinton email server.

7. Hillary’s negatives are high

Poll: Trump, Clinton score historic unfavorable ratings. HuffPost’s combined polls show a 54.2% unfavorable ratings for Hillary Clinton and a 40.5% unfavorable ratings for Bernie Sanders.

8.   Young people overwhelmingly support Bernie Sanders.

Sanders’ nomination will bring millions of young people into the Democratic Party. Hillary’s candidacy will alienate young people, progressives, and Independents who are sick of the status quo.

9. Hillary flip-flops to get votes, Bernie Sanders has been consistent

Hillary has flip-flopped on marriage equality, TPP, the Keystone XL pipeline, and other issues.

10. Sanders’ message of economic inequality and an end to money-in-politics is precisely what America needs


Feel the Bern!

The Definitive, Encyclopedic Case For Why Hillary Clinton is the Wrong Choice makes a detailed case against Hillary.

Litzow's mistatement, and can Eastside Democratic legislators support progressive taxation?

Saturday I attended the 41st Legislative District town hall, where Rep. Judy Clibborn (D – Mercer Island — left, below), Rep. Tana Senn (D – Mercer Island), and Senator Steve Litzow (R – Mercer Island) answered questions about tolling of I-405, charter schools, taxes, and Puget Sound Energy’s plan to install new high-power lines (Energize Eastside and http://cense.org).

41LD Town Hall, Feb 20, 2016

Citing the will of the people, Litzow justified his vote to support Senate Joint Resolution 8211, which would amend the constitution to require a two-thirds super-majority of legislators to raise taxes. The vote was along party lines. The resolution failed to get the 2/3rds needed in the Senate to pass.

Litzow said that Eastside residents supported Eyman’s super-majority initiative I-1366. But according to the Secretary of State’s data, over 61% of King County residents voted No on I-1366. Furthermore [added 2016/02/22], Andrew Villeneuve of the Northwest Progressive Institute informed me that on the Eastside I-1366 was rejected (click the first tab of the spreadsheet).

Steve Litzow conveniently failed to mention that I-1366 FAILED in the 41st Legislative District. It also failed in the 45th and the 48th. The only Eastside LD it passed in was the 5th. The numbers:

Legislative District 45 (Andy Hill, Roger Goodman, Larry Springer)
14,904 Yes
16,878 No

Legislative District 48 (Cyrus Habib, Patty Kuderer, Joan McBride)
11,999 Yes
15,910 No

Legislative District 41 (Steve Litzow, Tana Senn, Judy Clibborn)
14,381 Yes
19,427 No

Legislative District 5 (Mark Mullet, Jay Rodne, Chad Magendanz)
17,263 Yes
13,964 No

Litzow disagreed with arguments  — repeated in a comment by former Representative Marcie Maxwell — that a 2/3 super-majority threshold would make it almost impossible to pass any revenue increases. Litzow cited the overwhelming bipartisan support last year for the transportation package, which raised the (regressive) gas tax.

In response to a question, Litzow justified his vote to fire State DOT director Lynn Peterson, citing failed projects and cost overruns.  When Clibborn responded, she was openly angry about the Republicans’ partisan move. The Republican decision to fire Peterson was strange given that only last year Senate Transportation Committee Chairman Curtis King, R-Yakima had told Peterson: “I want to thank you for the job you have done over the past two and half years, and I can’t say thank you enough to the staff that you have behind you.”

On charter schools, Litzow repeatedly mentioned that such schools would help economically disadvantaged kids.  Charter schools aren’t needed in Bellevue, he agreed.

Though the state Supreme Court ruled that state funding of charter schools is unconstitutional, Senate Republicans found a loophole and passed SB 6194, of which Litzow is a prime sponsor. SB 6194 passed the Senate on Jan 20. There was a hearing in the House on Friday, Feb. 19.  Marcie Maxwell testified against SB 6194, and she repeated parts of her testimony at the town hall.

Maxwell said that charter schools are largely unaccountable, being un-elected.

She said that there are many highly innovative public schools — e.g., in Renton.   If the state fully funded K-12 basic education there’d be more innovation — “instead of struggling to figure out which custodian to cut.”

The most problematical part of SB 6194 is its trigger conversion section, which allows a majority of teachers or parents in a school to trigger conversion to a charter school.  Since most taxpayers paying for schools are neither teachers nor parents of students in a given school, trigger conversion would threaten public support for education.

In the business community, charter schools are viewed as a big investment opportunity — a way to milk taxpayers for private profit.  See, for example, CNBC’s Invest in Public Charter Schools?.

Maxwell and others argued that we should first fund public schools (McCleary) before supporting private enterprises.

Litzow said that charter schools now cost the state $14 million per year, just  0.1% of the what the state pays for public education. (Litzow incorrectly said “1/1000th percent.”)   The state spent $15.1 billion from the General Fund on K-12 education in 2014.

I heard from others that Litzow and fellow Republicans were refusing to bring House bills to a vote unless the Democrats agreed to fund charter schools. When I asked him about this, he denied it, saying they already passed school funding bills.

After the town hall, I asked Tana Senn whether there’s any chance SB 6194 (including trigger conversion) would pass the House. She said that if it came up for a floor vote, it would likely pass.  I presume all Republicans would support it, and a few Democrats would go along. But she thinks it’s unlikely the Democratic leadership will allow SB 6194 to come up for a vote.    She agreed that it’s possible, though, that SB 6194 will pass in a trade for some other measure desired by Democrats.

Please contact your legislator and ask them to oppose SB 6194.

According to the state Supreme Court’s McCleary decision, the state must lessen its reliance on local levies for funding education.  Specifically, local levies can be used for enrichment, but not for “Basic Education.” Local levies are one reason Bellevue schools are so good:  local taxes support local schools and directly affect housing prices.

Changes mandated by the Supreme Court could harm Eastside communities. For example, if the state collects taxes and redistributes them statewide, that would result in a net transfer of money from wealthy areas, such as Bellevue, to poorer areas.  Specifically, King County would be subsidizing Eastern Washington — where Republican legislators hold a majority of seats.

The situation is ironic. Republican voters (who are the beneficiaries of high taxes) oppose taxes.   If non-rich Republican voters realize that they’ve been voting against their own self-interest, they might turn into Democrats.

During the discussion of raising taxes, Tana Senn twice assured the assembled crowd that she would fight any tax plan that resulted in a net loss of revenue for Bellevue schools.  Yet in general Senn is a strong Democrat who supports public schools, public transportation, an adequate social safety net and fair taxes.

Eastside legislators are in a bind when it comes to certain Democratic-friendly policies.  There are a lot of wealthy people on the Eastside and a lot of car drivers.  Democrats risk losing elections if they move too far to the left.  I presume this is the same game played nationally: Hillary supporters claim that she’s more electable than Sanders (though polls show Sanders defeating Trump or Cruz more handily than Clinton would).

Likewise, at previous town halls, our 41st LD legislators were unanimous in opposing tolling of I-90, although we live in some of the wealthiest communities. Granted, some elderly people on Mercer Island pay high property taxes, have low income, and are dependent on cars. But, still, people in poorer communities are even less well off on average, and cars are noxious.

Discussing finding additional revenue to fund McCleary (the state Supreme Court decision mandating full funding of education), Clibborn said, so far, the legislature has submitted “a plan for a plan” to fund education. It’s unclear whether the Supreme Court will accept that plan.  Tana Senn said that a capital gains tax could work (and Clibborn says she agrees).  Republicans have opposed new revenue and have claimed that cuts can be made to social services or money can be found via efficiencies.

Someone mentioned that when the legislators were discussing ways to help to help indigent students pay for meals, one Republican suggested that teachers volunteer to buy food for the poor kids.

This is The Big Battle of American politics:  can and should we fund government to provide various services?   As even Litzow mentioned, there are some Republican legislators from the eastern part of the state who will oppose any revenue increase. (Litzow generally votes with his caucus.) Such Republicans are ideologically opposed to all government spending.  The long arc of history is towards government providing education and basic health care, at a minimum.

Concerning Puget Sound Energy’s Energize Eastside, the legislators pointed out that the legislature has little control over the issue: it’s mostly a city and county issue.

When Marcie asked a question about regressive taxes,  I held up a version of the following graph that shows the dramatic decrease in General Fund state revenue as a percentage of state personal income:

Washington Revenue as a percentage of personal income

Litzow said that the state is spending a record amount in its budget.  Yes, but the state population has increased 16% between 2000 (6.2 million) and 2014 (7.1 million).

Washington State is said to have the most regressive state tax system among the 50 states.  The poor and the middle class pay over 10% of their income in state taxes; the rich pay under 3%.  Hence Senate Bill 6093, which would extend property taxes to intangible property such as stocks and bonds. That would add some needed fairness and uniformity to our tax code.

Litzow said that Democrats controlled both houses of the legislature and the governorship for many years but didn’t act to fix our regressive taxes. I said that’s because of the centrist “Road Kill Dems” (including Clibborn, by the way). Still, the Republicans political message is all about “Vote for me. I’ll lower your taxes.”  The culprits are conservatives, not just Republicans.

After the town hall Litzow was saying that he agrees that Citizens United was probably a bad decision. He thought both corporations and unions shouldn’t be able to spend money on campaigns.

According to Tax Policy Center’s State and Local Tax Revenue as a Percentage of Personal Income, state revenue as a percentage of Personal Income has been on the decline in Washington State and nationwide.   For Washington State, the percentage has fallen from a high of 10.78% in 1997 to 8.39% in 2013 (the last year for which data is available).

In Washington, state and local taxes per $1000 of personal income has fallen from $125 in 1999 to under $93 in 2013.  We’re now ranked 35th of all states.

Washington State spent $10,682 per pupil in 2012; nationwide, the national state average was $11,254.

Nationwide, corporate income taxes as share of GDP was over 6% in 1954 and declined to under 2% in 2012:

Corporate Income Tax as a Percentage of GDP

Evidence that conservatives view charter schools as a money-making opportunity:

Forbes cover: education is a trillion dollar opportunity

Judy Clibborn mentioned that she had gotten many “vile” emails from constituents angry about gun legislation — presumably from gun rights advocates.  Gun control advocates can be passionate and pleading, but I doubt their emails would be “vile.”

Please email or phone your legislators.  They listen to their constituents!

 

At the end of the meeting, several Chinese Americans expressed concern about the planned opening of a marijuana store on Factoria Blvd in Bellevue.  The store would be within a couple thousand feet of Newport High School (one of the best schools in the state, and a main draw for Asian families). The Chinese Americans are concerned that their children may be tempted to smoke marijuana.

A hundred or so Chinese Americans meet at a local church on Sundays. A main topic of discussion is their children’s education. The good schools in Bellevue are a main reason for high housing prices.

On the local social network, there was likewise a discussion among local residents concerned about what sort of people a marijuana store would likely attract.

I said that I don’t smoke marijuana and I think it’s not healthy to do so, but I said it’s clearly safer than alcohol.   A Chinese woman said that that’s the argument she had heard from others.

Alcohol causes people to get into fights, beat their wives, ignore their kids, and kill others with high-speed driving. At worst, marijuana makes people lazy, happy, and hungry.

The Chinese woman was sitting next to me during the town hall. When the legislators discussed charter schools, she turned to me and whispered, “What are charter schools?” I said, briefly, that they are private schools.   After the town hall, Marcie Maxwell was explaining to several Chinese Americans about charter schools. They invited her to speak to them about it at their church meeting.

Whether Chinese Americans would support progressive taxation is an open question.  If it resulted in a transfer of money away from Bellevue schools, they may oppose it.

Chinese Americans should be encouraged to participate in party politics.  This is especially true in Bellevue.  According to the city’s webpage on demographics, the percent of Asians in Bellevue increased from 9.9% in 1990 to 17.4% in 2000 and then to 27.5% in 2010. (I bet the percent is over 30 now.)   I’m not sure what proportion of Bellevue Asians are American citizens, but they’re obviously an important constituency that should be nurtured.  They are likely to support public education.

How does voter turnout vary with income?

Voter turnout versus median income by zipcode in Washington State
(Click for a larger version)

The graph above shows one point (a “+”) for 414 zip-codes in Washington State having greater than 1000 population in 2010. The X axis value for each point represents the median income; the Y axis value for each point represents the voter turnout (defined as the the number of residents who voted between 2012 and 2014 divided by the population in 2010). Median income and population data per zip-code were sourced here”. Voter data come from here. Points were omitted for zip-codes with population under 1000.

The graph should be regarded as approximate only, since the voting data came from a different source (the Secretary of State of Washington) than the population and income data (the University of Michigan), and since in data of this form there are always anomalies, errors, and special cases. For example, several military bases have high populations but low voter turnout; presumably, the residents vote in another state.

Another problem is that the population includes people under 18 years old, so in zipcodes with many children, for example, the turnout will appear lower. I plan to redo this analysis accounting for that problem.

Can anyone say why in Cle Elum more people voted than the population?

And why was turnout so high in Yacolt, Lopez Island, and Port Ludlow?

In general, wealthier zip-codes vote more.  Some extreme zip-codes are labeled.

But some zip-codes with moderate income have high turnout. What characteristics explain that and can we use that information to increase turnout?

See Graph showing the extent to which young people don’t vote for similar analysis.

Here’s the raw joined data:

+---------+--------+------------+----------+---------------------+
| zipcode | median | population | # voters | # voters/population |
+---------+--------+------------+----------+---------------------+
| 98001   |  73052 |      31911 |    13911 |              0.4359 |
| 98002   |  40586 |      31647 |    10113 |              0.3196 |
| 98003   |  52410 |      44151 |    14428 |              0.3268 |
| 98004   |  99669 |      27946 |    15075 |              0.5394 |
| 98005   |  72812 |      17714 |     8225 |              0.4643 |
| 98006   | 104825 |      36364 |    19926 |              0.5480 |
| 98007   |  69589 |      24889 |     7265 |              0.2919 |
| 98008   |  89013 |      24411 |    12124 |              0.4967 |
| 98010   |  87030 |       5025 |     2858 |              0.5688 |
| 98011   |  68584 |      29212 |    11658 |              0.3991 |
| 98012   |  87772 |      51136 |    26217 |              0.5127 |
| 98014   |  89478 |       6765 |     3923 |              0.5799 |
| 98019   |  99893 |      10725 |     6044 |              0.5635 |
| 98020   |  74324 |      18304 |    12807 |              0.6997 |
| 98021   |  85127 |      26722 |    13902 |              0.5202 |
| 98022   |  68314 |      20987 |    10981 |              0.5232 |
| 98023   |  66228 |      47510 |    19457 |              0.4095 |
| 98024   |  96642 |       5650 |     2927 |              0.5181 |
| 98026   |  75933 |      35921 |    19882 |              0.5535 |
| 98027   |  94297 |      26141 |    15057 |              0.5760 |
| 98028   |  86310 |      20419 |    11487 |              0.5626 |
| 98029   |  99662 |      24348 |    11918 |              0.4895 |
| 98030   |  56657 |      33769 |    10927 |              0.3236 |
| 98031   |  65442 |      36581 |    14943 |              0.4085 |
| 98032   |  51834 |      33853 |    10095 |              0.2982 |
| 98033   |  96609 |      34338 |    19508 |              0.5681 |
| 98034   |  78393 |      40407 |    23304 |              0.5767 |
| 98036   |  65884 |      36000 |    16218 |              0.4505 |
| 98037   |  60621 |      26889 |    11134 |              0.4141 |
| 98038   |  94082 |      31171 |    17706 |              0.5680 |
| 98039   | 174729 |       2971 |     1922 |              0.6469 |  Medina, WA 98839
| 98040   | 128906 |      22699 |    15236 |              0.6712 |  Mercer Island, WA 98040
| 98042   |  82732 |      43673 |    21790 |              0.4989 |
| 98043   |  54921 |      19943 |     9097 |              0.4562 |
| 98045   |  85740 |      13888 |     7861 |              0.5660 |
| 98047   |  50949 |       6339 |     2041 |              0.3220 |
| 98051   |  79974 |       3270 |     1926 |              0.5890 |
| 98052   |  93173 |      58442 |    24738 |              0.4233 |
| 98053   | 114287 |      18784 |    11067 |              0.5892 |
| 98055   |  63946 |      21904 |     8479 |              0.3871 |
| 98056   |  64105 |      32489 |    13477 |              0.4148 |
| 98057   |  46919 |      10613 |     4213 |              0.3970 |
| 98058   |  81492 |      41938 |    19608 |              0.4675 |
| 98059   |  84573 |      34463 |    17313 |              0.5024 |
| 98065   | 108108 |      12699 |     7035 |              0.5540 |
| 98070   |  79055 |      10624 |     7249 |              0.6823 |
| 98072   |  98841 |      22312 |    12839 |              0.5754 |
| 98074   | 134159 |      25748 |    13228 |              0.5137 |
| 98075   | 132144 |      20715 |    11294 |              0.5452 |
| 98077   | 120738 |      13585 |     8246 |              0.6070 |
| 98087   |  57839 |      29976 |    11106 |              0.3705 |
| 98092   |  77882 |      39816 |    18105 |              0.4547 |
| 98101   |  37606 |      10238 |     5936 |              0.5798 |
| 98102   |  57724 |      20756 |    13875 |              0.6685 |
| 98103   |  69942 |      45911 |    28948 |              0.6305 |
| 98104   |  23742 |      13095 |     4361 |              0.3330 |
| 98105   |  52145 |      43924 |    16732 |              0.3809 |
| 98106   |  60618 |      22873 |    10584 |              0.4627 |
| 98107   |  64804 |      21147 |    14317 |              0.6770 |
| 98108   |  55353 |      22374 |     8340 |              0.3728 |
| 98109   |  61978 |      20715 |    11850 |              0.5720 |
| 98110   |  92687 |      23025 |    15678 |              0.6809 |
| 98112   |  90529 |      21077 |    14630 |              0.6941 |
| 98115   |  82556 |      46206 |    29956 |              0.6483 |
| 98116   |  75728 |      22241 |    14950 |              0.6722 |
| 98117   |  76908 |      31365 |    21706 |              0.6920 |
| 98118   |  51093 |      42731 |    18906 |              0.4424 |
| 98119   |  67705 |      21039 |    12137 |              0.5769 |
| 98121   |  53600 |      12628 |     5922 |              0.4690 |
| 98122   |  57971 |      31454 |    17672 |              0.5618 |
| 98125   |  47910 |      30826 |    19970 |              0.6478 |
| 98126   |  64247 |      20698 |    11502 |              0.5557 |
| 98133   |  57182 |      44555 |    22866 |              0.5132 |
| 98136   |  77761 |      14770 |    10089 |              0.6831 |
| 98144   |  58263 |      26881 |    14213 |              0.5287 |
| 98146   |  53913 |      25922 |    10956 |              0.4227 |
| 98148   |  50183 |      10010 |     3558 |              0.3554 |
| 98155   |  71748 |      32778 |    18942 |              0.5779 |
| 98166   |  62107 |      20301 |    11387 |              0.5609 |
| 98168   |  47612 |      33734 |    10808 |              0.3204 |
| 98177   |  85481 |      19030 |    13306 |              0.6992 |
| 98178   |  55777 |      24092 |    10172 |              0.4222 |
| 98188   |  44313 |      23111 |     7916 |              0.3425 |
| 98198   |  59070 |      34584 |    13769 |              0.3981 |
| 98199   |  93940 |      19686 |    13160 |              0.6685 |
| 98201   |  39719 |      29582 |    11319 |              0.3826 |
| 98203   |  60383 |      34354 |    14707 |              0.4281 |
| 98204   |  46667 |      39380 |    10000 |              0.2539 |
| 98208   |  73266 |      51802 |    22743 |              0.4390 |
| 98221   |  51489 |      18248 |    12884 |              0.7060 |
| 98223   |  65194 |      40815 |    20045 |              0.4911 |
| 98225   |  37035 |      46172 |    21700 |              0.4700 |
| 98226   |  51756 |      41235 |    20933 |              0.5077 |
| 98229   |  55157 |      30321 |    16636 |              0.5487 |
| 98230   |  56395 |      15710 |     8246 |              0.5249 |
| 98232   |  76213 |       3920 |     2434 |              0.6209 |
| 98233   |  55440 |      14871 |     5970 |              0.4015 |
| 98236   |  64644 |       5635 |     3739 |              0.6635 |
| 98237   |  43647 |       4025 |     1704 |              0.4234 |
| 98239   |  60957 |       6646 |     4434 |              0.6672 |
| 98240   |  57557 |       3061 |     1595 |              0.5211 |
| 98241   |  43891 |       2129 |      836 |              0.3927 |
| 98244   |  42970 |       3001 |     1634 |              0.5445 |
| 98245   |  49232 |       3651 |     2450 |              0.6710 |
| 98247   |  58303 |       9072 |     3980 |              0.4387 |
| 98248   |  56492 |      22361 |    11227 |              0.5021 |
| 98249   |  58955 |       4561 |     3064 |              0.6718 |
| 98250   |  53080 |       7664 |     5085 |              0.6635 |
| 98251   |  58666 |       4567 |     2111 |              0.4622 |
| 98252   |  67096 |       8777 |     3949 |              0.4499 |
| 98253   |  56636 |       1837 |     1306 |              0.7109 |
| 98257   |  55632 |       4134 |     2539 |              0.6142 |
| 98258   |  74694 |      30524 |    20292 |              0.6648 |
| 98260   |  60239 |       5278 |     3801 |              0.7202 |
| 98261   |  52606 |       2383 |     1816 |              0.7621 |   Lopez Island, 98261
| 98264   |  54871 |      18893 |    11005 |              0.5825 |
| 98266   |  42970 |       3642 |     1205 |              0.3309 |
| 98270   |  68071 |      45899 |    19388 |              0.4224 |
| 98271   |  64937 |      27184 |    12262 |              0.4511 |
| 98272   |  72407 |      27942 |    11879 |              0.4251 |
| 98273   |  47849 |      28717 |    11009 |              0.3834 |
| 98274   |  60103 |      16613 |     8547 |              0.5145 |
| 98275   |  91715 |      20256 |    10910 |              0.5386 |
| 98277   |  50269 |      35219 |    15471 |              0.4393 |
| 98281   |  55388 |       1314 |      707 |              0.5381 |
| 98282   |  62239 |      15661 |     9960 |              0.6360 |
| 98284   |  56507 |      24331 |    10534 |              0.4329 |
| 98290   |  74068 |      32714 |    18269 |              0.5584 |
| 98292   |  70020 |      20987 |    11493 |              0.5476 |
| 98294   |  64505 |       6595 |     2885 |              0.4375 |
| 98295   |  53071 |       2409 |     1148 |              0.4765 |
| 98296   | 104505 |      27956 |    14236 |              0.5092 |
| 98303   |  45442 |       1037 |      722 |              0.6962 |
| 98310   |  38591 |      16286 |     8069 |              0.4955 |
| 98311   |  62106 |      25880 |    12166 |              0.4701 |
| 98312   |  53554 |      30203 |    12713 |              0.4209 |
| 98314   | 114375 |       3329 |       27 |              0.0081 |  Bremerton, WA 98314  (Navy Base Kitsap)
| 98315   |  39601 |       6054 |      420 |              0.0694 |  Silverdale, WA 98315 (Bangor Trindent Navy Base)
| 98320   |  33583 |       1250 |      838 |              0.6704 |
| 98321   |  70490 |      15152 |     7168 |              0.4731 |
| 98325   |  53580 |       1848 |     1128 |              0.6104 |
| 98326   |  50430 |       1412 |      205 |              0.1452 |
| 98327   |  81315 |       8267 |     3210 |              0.3883 |
| 98328   |  59019 |      10433 |     5062 |              0.4852 |
| 98329   |  70406 |      10545 |     5380 |              0.5102 |
| 98331   |  44773 |       6261 |     2089 |              0.3337 |
| 98332   |  84807 |      15855 |     9815 |              0.6190 |
| 98333   |  93517 |       3633 |     2598 |              0.7151 |
| 98335   |  79594 |      24925 |    15546 |              0.6237 |
| 98337   |  38537 |       6697 |     2289 |              0.3418 |
| 98338   |  69142 |      24098 |    12204 |              0.5064 |
| 98339   |  41673 |       3326 |     1732 |              0.5207 |
| 98340   |  63196 |       2537 |     1636 |              0.6449 |
| 98342   |  67000 |       1370 |      949 |              0.6927 |
| 98346   |  63787 |       9297 |     5218 |              0.5613 |
| 98349   |  54009 |       4614 |     2247 |              0.4870 |
| 98351   |  45442 |       1115 |      635 |              0.5695 |
| 98354   |  62253 |       6976 |     3279 |              0.4700 |
| 98356   |  47580 |       2149 |      910 |              0.4235 |
| 98357   |  32069 |       1414 |      389 |              0.2751 |
| 98359   |  62508 |       4887 |     2668 |              0.5459 |
| 98360   |  74154 |      12221 |     5702 |              0.4666 |
| 98361   |  38861 |       1158 |      604 |              0.5216 |
| 98362   |  44158 |      22230 |    11800 |              0.5308 |
| 98363   |  46987 |      13343 |     6565 |              0.4920 |
| 98365   |  61118 |       4528 |     3457 |              0.7635 |   Port Ludlow, WA 98365
| 98366   |  54727 |      34258 |    15961 |              0.4659 |
| 98367   |  67516 |      27693 |    14835 |              0.5357 |
| 98368   |  44355 |      14724 |    10290 |              0.6989 |
| 98370   |  69037 |      29528 |    16644 |              0.5637 |
| 98371   |  58921 |      20468 |    10943 |              0.5346 |
| 98372   |  65294 |      22475 |    11001 |              0.4895 |
| 98373   |  62962 |      22246 |     9574 |              0.4304 |
| 98374   |  73314 |      37360 |    17405 |              0.4659 |
| 98375   |  73130 |      26863 |    10722 |              0.3991 |
| 98377   |  39811 |       1922 |      968 |              0.5036 |
| 98380   |  75835 |       4173 |     2824 |              0.6767 |
| 98382   |  46020 |      26856 |    17156 |              0.6388 |
| 98383   |  66531 |      19727 |     9561 |              0.4847 |
| 98387   |  63338 |      43173 |    16395 |              0.3798 |
| 98388   |  67144 |       7508 |     3211 |              0.4277 |
| 98390   |  54886 |      10461 |     4672 |              0.4466 |
| 98391   |  80779 |      44309 |    21403 |              0.4830 |
| 98392   |  62802 |       2994 |     1492 |              0.4983 |
| 98394   |  66953 |       1107 |      639 |              0.5772 |
| 98402   |  24337 |       6356 |     1967 |              0.3095 |
| 98403   |  51479 |       7713 |     4163 |              0.5397 |
| 98404   |  43225 |      32086 |     9308 |              0.2901 |
| 98405   |  37834 |      22851 |     9004 |              0.3940 |
| 98406   |  58103 |      21610 |    11656 |              0.5394 |
| 98407   |  63502 |      19885 |    11953 |              0.6011 |
| 98408   |  48880 |      18830 |     7274 |              0.3863 |
| 98409   |  43856 |      22989 |     6970 |              0.3032 |
| 98416   |  56926 |       1014 |      339 |              0.3343 |
| 98418   |  45513 |      10069 |     3629 |              0.3604 |
| 98421   |  53139 |       1308 |       27 |              0.0206 |  Tacoma, WA 98421 (Puyallup Reservation)
| 98422   |  81649 |      20151 |    10007 |              0.4966 |
| 98424   |  55180 |      10140 |     3076 |              0.3034 |
| 98433   |  39955 |      14584 |      921 |              0.0632 |  Joint Base Lewish-McChord
| 98439   |  37549 |       4839 |      619 |              0.1279 |
| 98443   |  60045 |       5371 |     2988 |              0.5563 |
| 98444   |  40764 |      33956 |     8987 |              0.2647 |
| 98445   |  55677 |      29661 |    11368 |              0.3833 |
| 98446   |  62298 |      10173 |     4798 |              0.4716 |
| 98465   |  50319 |       6340 |     3392 |              0.5350 |
| 98466   |  55556 |      26944 |    13424 |              0.4982 |
| 98467   |  61968 |      14728 |     6943 |              0.4714 |
| 98498   |  60339 |      27546 |    12543 |              0.4553 |
| 98499   |  37929 |      29750 |     8824 |              0.2966 |
| 98501   |  67447 |      38133 |    21735 |              0.5700 |
| 98502   |  58029 |      30491 |    16741 |              0.5490 |
| 98503   |  58777 |      36611 |    16044 |              0.4382 |
| 98506   |  58257 |      18199 |    10209 |              0.5610 |
| 98512   |  64092 |      28130 |    15106 |              0.5370 |
| 98513   |  66040 |      31975 |    14989 |              0.4688 |
| 98516   |  72611 |      20166 |    10630 |              0.5271 |
| 98520   |  42028 |      23814 |     8040 |              0.3376 |
| 98524   |  53548 |       3232 |     2110 |              0.6528 |
| 98528   |  54373 |       9983 |     4660 |              0.4668 |
| 98531   |  39493 |      24121 |     9287 |              0.3850 |
| 98532   |  50480 |      23596 |    10945 |              0.4638 |
| 98537   |  41783 |       2129 |     1025 |              0.4814 |
| 98541   |  43450 |      10101 |     3982 |              0.3942 |
| 98546   |  56817 |       2909 |     1631 |              0.5607 |
| 98547   |  34116 |       1436 |      608 |              0.4234 |
| 98548   |  49273 |       2193 |     1303 |              0.5942 |
| 98550   |  35109 |      11382 |     4303 |              0.3781 |
| 98557   |  49117 |       3225 |     1376 |              0.4267 |
| 98563   |  47899 |       8001 |     4056 |              0.5069 |
| 98564   |  40787 |       2459 |     1166 |              0.4742 |
| 98568   |  54789 |       2519 |     1021 |              0.4053 |
| 98569   |  43245 |       5784 |     3152 |              0.5450 |
| 98570   |  44762 |       3889 |     2066 |              0.5312 |
| 98576   |  63864 |       4667 |     2334 |              0.5001 |
| 98577   |  38140 |       6338 |     2993 |              0.4722 |
| 98579   |  53449 |      12870 |     5759 |              0.4475 |
| 98580   |  58951 |      11099 |     5053 |              0.4553 |
| 98584   |  43427 |      36630 |    15553 |              0.4246 |
| 98586   |  33895 |       1944 |      911 |              0.4686 |
| 98588   |  54583 |       1829 |      923 |              0.5046 |
| 98589   |  56583 |       7320 |     3908 |              0.5339 |
| 98591   |  40754 |       3952 |     1905 |              0.4820 |
| 98592   |  57529 |       1764 |     1260 |              0.7143 |
| 98593   |  38133 |       1113 |      454 |              0.4079 |
| 98595   |  34670 |       2917 |     1140 |              0.3908 |
| 98596   |  48031 |       6524 |     3080 |              0.4721 |
| 98597   |  59939 |      21557 |     8758 |              0.4063 |
| 98603   |  57831 |       1017 |      480 |              0.4720 |
| 98604   |  66855 |      34232 |    16371 |              0.4782 |
| 98605   |  44409 |       1225 |      483 |              0.3943 |
| 98606   |  77158 |       9027 |     5090 |              0.5639 |
| 98607   |  78700 |      27899 |    14408 |              0.5164 |
| 98610   |  42624 |       2811 |     1280 |              0.4554 |
| 98611   |  49539 |       9133 |     4736 |              0.5186 |
| 98617   |  42799 |       1042 |      526 |              0.5048 |
| 98620   |  31122 |       7123 |     3796 |              0.5329 |
| 98624   |  41878 |       1532 |      645 |              0.4210 |
| 98625   |  60023 |       6133 |     3221 |              0.5252 |
| 98626   |  45288 |      24523 |     9845 |              0.4015 |
| 98629   |  67437 |       8364 |     4439 |              0.5307 |
| 98631   |  40563 |       3243 |     1743 |              0.5375 |
| 98632   |  46267 |      49168 |    20479 |              0.4165 |
| 98635   |  42799 |       1735 |      960 |              0.5533 |
| 98638   |  38593 |       1321 |      804 |              0.6086 |
| 98640   |  39564 |       4380 |     2418 |              0.5521 |
| 98642   |  78203 |      15696 |     9176 |              0.5846 |
| 98645   |  46984 |       1429 |      716 |              0.5010 |
| 98648   |  47607 |       3100 |     1559 |              0.5029 |
| 98660   |  40658 |      11858 |     4727 |              0.3986 |
| 98661   |  42245 |      41740 |    14058 |              0.3368 |
| 98662   |  60185 |      31644 |    12680 |              0.4007 |
| 98663   |  49287 |      14115 |     5966 |              0.4227 |
| 98664   |  49362 |      21771 |     9450 |              0.4341 |
| 98665   |  52410 |      24057 |    10358 |              0.4306 |
| 98671   |  67254 |      21220 |    10343 |              0.4874 |
| 98672   |  45865 |       6146 |     2944 |              0.4790 |
| 98674   |  58633 |      11948 |     5548 |              0.4643 |
| 98675   |  34540 |       3982 |     3047 |              0.7652 |   Yacolt, WA 98675
| 98682   |  61316 |      52893 |    19991 |              0.3780 |
| 98683   |  58304 |      30832 |    14305 |              0.4640 |
| 98684   |  61316 |      26968 |    11074 |              0.4106 |
| 98685   |  74427 |      26217 |    14473 |              0.5520 |
| 98686   |  70201 |      17385 |     9090 |              0.5229 |
| 98801   |  49867 |      40977 |    17339 |              0.4231 |
| 98802   |  52477 |      28719 |    11692 |              0.4071 |
| 98812   |  39741 |       4899 |     1205 |              0.2460 |
| 98813   |  35013 |       3176 |      423 |              0.1332 |
| 98815   |  52435 |       7233 |     3291 |              0.4550 |
| 98816   |  43841 |       6153 |     3058 |              0.4970 |
| 98823   |  43467 |      11055 |     4512 |              0.4081 |
| 98826   |  47329 |       6504 |     4009 |              0.6164 |
| 98828   |  63605 |       2146 |     1040 |              0.4846 |
| 98831   |  46492 |       3708 |     1430 |              0.3857 |
| 98837   |  47764 |      39722 |    13952 |              0.3512 |
| 98840   |  35551 |       4851 |     2325 |              0.4793 |
| 98841   |  39328 |       9197 |     3356 |              0.3649 |
| 98843   |  35370 |       1817 |      533 |              0.2933 |
| 98844   |  26366 |       4740 |     2014 |              0.4249 |
| 98846   |  40187 |       1173 |      459 |              0.3913 |
| 98847   |  60158 |       1920 |      831 |              0.4328 |
| 98848   |  41303 |      11518 |     3087 |              0.2680 |
| 98849   |  41980 |       1078 |      546 |              0.5065 |
| 98850   |  43971 |       1543 |      423 |              0.2741 |
| 98851   |  33997 |       4014 |     1579 |              0.3934 |
| 98855   |  34401 |       5863 |     2720 |              0.4639 |
| 98856   |  38280 |       2464 |     1438 |              0.5836 |
| 98857   |  39394 |       4082 |      874 |              0.2141 |
| 98858   |  50528 |       1521 |      824 |              0.5417 |
| 98862   |  49973 |       2218 |     1556 |              0.7015 |
| 98901   |  41213 |      30169 |     8010 |              0.2655 |
| 98902   |  36895 |      46322 |    12920 |              0.2789 |
| 98903   |  49434 |      14517 |     6071 |              0.4182 |
| 98908   |  61313 |      35240 |    18313 |              0.5197 |
| 98922   |  25029 |       2176 |     3136 |              1.4412 |  Cle Elum, WA 98922
| 98923   |  49458 |       1434 |      486 |              0.3389 |
| 98926   |  38431 |      30239 |    12589 |              0.4163 |
| 98930   |  39679 |      15252 |     3262 |              0.2139 |
| 98932   |  36669 |       5032 |     1039 |              0.2065 |
| 98933   |  46201 |       1267 |      333 |              0.2628 |
| 98934   |  55721 |       1117 |      371 |              0.3321 |
| 98935   |  41538 |       4190 |      814 |              0.1943 |
| 98936   |  57487 |       5872 |     2182 |              0.3716 |
| 98937   |  48236 |       4112 |     2086 |              0.5073 |
| 98938   |  37453 |       2177 |      539 |              0.2476 |
| 98942   |  56430 |      16973 |     7845 |              0.4622 |
| 98944   |  36027 |      22009 |     4504 |              0.2046 |
| 98947   |  49516 |       2902 |      955 |              0.3291 |
| 98948   |  32220 |      13225 |     2791 |              0.2110 |
| 98951   |  37426 |      13739 |     2972 |              0.2163 |
| 98952   |  52282 |       2330 |      492 |              0.2112 |
| 98953   |  51942 |       6681 |     2525 |              0.3779 |
| 99001   |  37049 |       6151 |     1221 |              0.1985 |
| 99003   |  59601 |       4848 |     2961 |              0.6108 |
| 99004   |  44133 |      18376 |     7640 |              0.4158 |
| 99005   |  76046 |       8574 |     5271 |              0.6148 |
| 99006   |  48552 |      11946 |     6351 |              0.5316 |
| 99009   |  49249 |       3947 |     1941 |              0.4918 |
| 99011   |  41563 |       2776 |      401 |              0.1445 |
| 99012   |  46414 |       1064 |      473 |              0.4445 |
| 99013   |  51586 |       1785 |      385 |              0.2157 |
| 99016   |  57310 |      12480 |     6875 |              0.5509 |
| 99019   |  80650 |       9502 |     5487 |              0.5775 |
| 99021   |  70764 |       9174 |     5222 |              0.5692 |
| 99022   |  61907 |       8820 |     4209 |              0.4772 |
| 99025   |  60963 |       5232 |     2780 |              0.5313 |
| 99026   |  71412 |       9042 |     5336 |              0.5901 |
| 99027   |  56009 |       6101 |     3323 |              0.5447 |
| 99029   |  57763 |       1289 |      775 |              0.6012 |
| 99030   |  56006 |       1032 |      566 |              0.5484 |
| 99031   |  50313 |       1137 |      735 |              0.6464 |
| 99036   |  81912 |       1448 |      950 |              0.6561 |
| 99037   |  59311 |      12973 |     7115 |              0.5484 |
| 99101   |  40745 |       1453 |      785 |              0.5403 |
| 99109   |  32852 |       5109 |     2807 |              0.5494 |
| 99110   |  45251 |       1667 |      782 |              0.4691 |
| 99111   |  50425 |       4047 |     2193 |              0.5419 |
| 99114   |  41026 |      12018 |     6620 |              0.5508 |
| 99115   |  39145 |       1143 |      624 |              0.5459 |
| 99116   |  47090 |       1439 |      578 |              0.4017 |
| 99122   |  48326 |       3773 |     2089 |              0.5537 |
| 99123   |  37292 |       1058 |      538 |              0.5085 |
| 99133   |  37783 |       1493 |      632 |              0.4233 |
| 99138   |  34239 |       1209 |      388 |              0.3209 |
| 99141   |  42733 |       5240 |     2855 |              0.5448 |
| 99148   |  42982 |       2106 |     1266 |              0.6011 |
| 99155   |  48657 |       1350 |      284 |              0.2104 |
| 99156   |  33963 |       8114 |     4132 |              0.5092 |
| 99159   |  45176 |       1375 |      759 |              0.5520 |
| 99161   |  47614 |       1400 |      844 |              0.6029 |
| 99163   |  33585 |      31404 |     8379 |              0.2668 |
| 99166   |  34042 |       3222 |     1815 |              0.5633 |
| 99169   |  42260 |       2459 |     1282 |              0.5214 |
| 99170   |  41424 |       1072 |      614 |              0.5728 |
| 99173   |  38408 |       1532 |      762 |              0.4974 |
| 99181   |  37667 |       1901 |      959 |              0.5045 |
| 99185   |  41102 |       1295 |      778 |              0.6008 |
| 99201   |  23026 |      13342 |     4658 |              0.3491 |
| 99202   |  32373 |      21580 |     6221 |              0.2883 |
| 99203   |  63513 |      20192 |    12650 |              0.6265 |
| 99204   |  29511 |       6681 |     2654 |              0.3972 |
| 99205   |  43761 |      42137 |    19304 |              0.4581 |
| 99206   |  52962 |      34802 |    16515 |              0.4745 |
| 99207   |  31829 |      30854 |     9705 |              0.3145 |
| 99208   |  58998 |      49193 |    25865 |              0.5258 |
| 99212   |  47842 |      19197 |     9177 |              0.4780 |
| 99216   |  45625 |      24362 |    10213 |              0.4192 |
| 99217   |  45696 |      17423 |     7550 |              0.4333 |
| 99218   |  57574 |      15531 |     6656 |              0.4286 |
| 99223   |  62106 |      29273 |    16624 |              0.5679 |
| 99224   |  57618 |      18289 |     9762 |              0.5338 |
| 99301   |  48363 |      68191 |    20239 |              0.2968 |
| 99320   |  58836 |       9201 |     4089 |              0.4444 |
| 99323   |  54821 |       3684 |     1636 |              0.4441 |
| 99324   |  39857 |       9202 |     3812 |              0.4143 |
| 99326   |  42256 |       4956 |      982 |              0.1981 |
| 99328   |  43611 |       3733 |     2094 |              0.5609 |
| 99336   |  43329 |      48753 |    15448 |              0.3169 |
| 99337   |  65176 |      29845 |    13753 |              0.4608 |
| 99338   |  89378 |      11555 |     7479 |              0.6473 |
| 99343   |  46068 |       3040 |      747 |              0.2457 |
| 99344   |  40239 |      16817 |     3485 |              0.2072 |
| 99348   |  54833 |       1364 |      344 |              0.2522 |
| 99349   |  31250 |       8483 |      940 |              0.1108 |
| 99350   |  47707 |      12979 |     4618 |              0.3558 |
| 99352   |  78225 |      26975 |    15367 |              0.5697 |
| 99353   |  74947 |      13306 |     7822 |              0.5879 |
| 99354   |  63383 |      21343 |    10851 |              0.5084 |
| 99357   |  33540 |       4323 |      753 |              0.1742 |
| 99360   |  58366 |       1350 |      695 |              0.5148 |
| 99361   |  57663 |       1902 |     1062 |              0.5584 |
| 99362   |  85482 |      35927 |    17958 |              0.4998 |
| 99402   |  57091 |       1875 |     1030 |              0.5493 |
| 99403   |  42707 |      19475 |     9395 |              0.4824 |
+---------+--------+------------+----------+---------------------+
414 rows in set (1 min 2.59 sec)

The terrorists in our midst

They live amongst us, pretending to be normal people.

But each year they kill over 35,000 Americans.

They poison our air and damage our health, causing asthma, lung disease, cancer, and cardiovascular disease.

They finance ISIS and Al Qaeda.

They lead us to fight wars.

They cause catastrophic climate change.

They destroy the livability of our cities.

They lower our real estate values.

They waste our time.

Who are these domestic terrorists?

They’re car drivers, commuters, you and me (though I always commute by bike or bus).

Driving is like smoking in a nursery

The World Health Organization reports that every year there are about 7 million premature deaths due to air pollution.

The Union of Concerned Scientists says:

Nearly one half of all Americans—an estimated 150 million—live in areas that don’t meet federal air quality standards. Passenger vehicles and heavy-duty trucks are the main sources of this pollution, which includes ozone, particulate matter, and other smog-forming emissions.

The health risks of air pollution are extremely serious. Poor air quality increases respiratory ailments like asthma and bronchitis, heightens the risk of life-threatening conditions like cancer, and burdens our health care system with substantial medical costs. Particulate matter is singlehandedly responsible for up to 30,000 premature deaths each year.

Passenger vehicles are a major pollution contributor, producing significant amounts of nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, and other pollution. In 2013, transportation contributed more than half of the carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides, and almost a quarter of the hydrocarbons emitted into our air.

Fewer than 5000 people have died due to terrorism in America since the 1960s. But each year seven times as many people die in car crashes.

The U.S. has more than three times the road fatality rate per capita as the United Kingdom (11.6 deaths per 100,000 people versus 3.5) and more than  twice the road fatality rate per vehicle (13.6 per 100,000  vehicles versus 6.2).   “In the 1990s, the United Kingdom dropped its road fatalities by 34 percent. The United States managed a 6.5% reduction. Why the difference? It was mostly speed …. While the United Kingdom was introducing speed cameras, the United States was resisting cameras and raising speed limits.” [Traffic — Why We Drive the Way We Do (and What It Says About Us), by Tom Vanderbilt, 2008]

 

Hey Drivers, Your filth fouls my lungs. Take a bus or carpool.

Admittedly, for some drivers there’s no feasible alternative to traveling by car.  But for many of the people on our road, carpooling or riding the bus is quite feasible and would allow them to read, nap, and avoid stress.  But people want to drive because of the convenience and because it saves them some time.  But at what cost to our health, our economy, our foreign policy, and the quality of our lives?

Deceptive anti-government article in the Seattle P-I

The Seattle P-I often publishes click-bait photo essays, which ask the user to click through a series of Getty images to read short summaries.  The photo essays hardly count as “articles”. The first page is a rewording of some source article. The reader spends most of her time clicking through the pretty photos. I suppose the Seattle P-I likes the cheap (free?) content and needs the ad revenue.

A recent photo essay is particularly low quality.

Called “The worst-ever wastes of US public money”, the photo essay is deceptive for several reasons.

First, the article omits some boondoggles that are far more costly than the ones it included.

The disastrous, ill-conceived war in Iraq has already cost $2 trillion; estimated eventual cost is as high as $6 trillion (source).

And what about the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter jet program? Each plane costs $400 million, twice the original estimate. The entire program’s estimated cost? $1 trillion to $1.5 trillion.  The program has been plagued with technical difficulties, and numerous critics claim the plane’s design is inferior.  For example, Pentagon’s big budget F-35 fighter ‘can’t turn, can’t climb, can’t run’;   F-35 Joint Strike Fighter is a Lemon (“Military expert Pierre Sprey, the founder and designer of the F-16 & A-10 Warthog airplanes, explains why the F-35 will not cut it on the modern battlefield”).

The list of boondoggles they do include — copied from GoBankingRate.com’s 20 Biggest Boondoggles in the U.S. — ranges from #20 “Missouri’s Pruitt-Igoe Housing Projects: $36 Million” to #1 “California’s High-Speed Rail: $68 Billion”.

Not all of the projects are primarily wastes of government. #12 is “New Jersey’s Revel Casino: $2.4 Billion”. That failure was mostly a failure of corporations, not government.  Morgan Stanley took a $900 million loss on the casino.   Republican Governor Chris Christie signed onto the project, guaranteeing $216 million in tax incentives.

In fact, progressives aren’t in favor of all government programs.

Ten of the projects (#19, #18, #16, #15, #14, #10, #9, #7, #6, and #4) involve road and bridge construction. I can agree that the projects are largely wasteful. But progressives, such as me, generally oppose government spending on roads, which has the effect of subsidizing auto use and sprawl.

#10 is “Washington’s Big Bertha $3.1 Billion.”  Most Seattle progressives (environmentalists in particular) opposed spending on the tunnel and wanted public transportation instead.

Often government programs are corrupt or benefit the wrong people. But the solution isn’t to get rid of government. The solution is to fix the corruption and mismanagement.  But a tried and true GOP strategy is to make sure government works only for the 1%. Under-fund and corrupt the programs that do help the middle class.   Oppose regulations that might prevent abuses. Then blame government for the failures.

#1 in the list of boondoggles is California’s high speed rail. But construction began in January, 2015.  It’s too early to call the project a boondoggle. It’s a worthy goal: build high-speed rail from LA to San Francisco.

#17 is about Maryland’s sewer system. $1.1 billion is the estimated total cost.  The original projected cost was $700 million.  The scheduled completion date is in 2018. That doesn’t strike me as a terrible cost-overrun.

#5 on the the list is “Texas’ Superconducting Super Collider: $11 Billion”. But, in fact, $11 billion was the revised estimated cost; “only” about $2.4 billion of that projected cost was actually spent (according to this article and this article).

Let’s not forget, too, the billions of dollars wasted by corporations. Most businesses fail. Microsoft recently wasted $7.6 billion on its acquisition of Nokia and another $6.2 billion on aQuantive.

For the record, here are images of the headlines, followed by the text of the original article appearing in Seattle P-I.

Seattle P-I headline 1

Seattle P-I headline 1

Seattle P-I headline 1

Sometimes, the government uses the money its taxpayers send each April 15 wisely, like building schools or paying benefits to veterans.

Other times, the government could save itself and taxpayers a lot of hassle just by throwing our money in a big trash can and setting it on fire.

Recently, the consumer finance site GoBankingRates collected the 20 biggest boondoggles in America, and perhaps not surprisingly, almost all of them can be put on the tab of either a state government of the feds.

 If you thought the $435 hammer at the Pentagon or the Navy’s $640 toilet seat sounded like ridiculous wastes of money (they’re actually more like “creative accounting”), you’re not going to be happy with the $1.3 billion the government spent on an interstate that doesn’t actually connect any states.

Or the $2 billion on a dam that failed the first time they tried to fill it (killing several people in the process).

Check out the photos above to see the 20 biggest wastes of money in America, according to GoBankingRates, along with why they are and will continue to be such gigantic money pits.

As I mentioned above, the P-I got the content from GoBankingRates.com. In the original article, there’s a link “View All.”  If you click on it, you get to see the list of projects, and their corresponding images, on a single page.  The Seattle P-I makes readers click through the images to see the list. Annoying!

The Onion in talks with Fox Entertainment Group

Cole Bolton, editor-in-chief of the satirical website The Onion announced today that three of the six senior writers have resigned and that the publication is seeking a buyer due to decreasing ad revenue.

Former senior writer Anthony Wilcox said, in an exclusive interview, “The root cause is that the political situation in America has become so extreme that truth has become stranger than fiction. The major Republican candidates are like parodies of themselves. We can’t compete with that craziness.”

In October of this year, CEO Mike McAvoy had announced a restructuring of the organization, including layoffs. The resignation of three of the six senior writers throws into question the ability of the publication to continue publishing.

Founding editor Scott Dikkers explained another factor in the publication’s decline. “Our website gets millions of hits each week. But people aren’t willing to pay for content. Many of the users block ads. And those that don’t block ads don’t click on them or buy products. Basically, people are getting a laugh at our expense. At least, we made people happy for a while.”

Dikkers said that The Onion, which originated in 1988 and which ceased publishing its print edition in 2013, is entering into talks with Fox Entertainment Group, owner of Fox News.

It is ironic that Fox Entertainment Group may end up as owners of The Onion.  The Onion had come under criticism from conservatives for its alleged liberal bias. Conservative political pundit website Breitbart has condemned the publication’s political leanings.  Breitbart columnist Christian Toto attributes the publication’s approach to Barack Obama as a part of “…the left’s inability to mock one of their own.”

Emmett Rensin claims The Onion foments  Marxist thought:

But only one is breathing new life into a far-left movement mostly vanished since FDR dropped dead. It isn’t The Socialist Worker. It’s not The Militant, either. And it isn’t Monthly Review, Political Affairs, World Socialist Website, or Worker’s Vanguard. Rather, the vanguard of revolution—the paper most dedicated to the overthrowing capitalism in the United States today—is none other than The Onion.

Fox Entertainment had no comment about the acquisition of The Onion.

Donations to The Onion can be made here.

The Onion editor Cole Bolton
Onion Editor-in-chief Cole Bolton

Hell, yeah! Let's lower the sales tax 1% — and raise taxes on carbon, capital gains and/or income

There’s a simple way to beat Tim Eyman and his initiative I-1366.  At the same time we’ll lower taxes on most people, help the environment, and, optionally, raise revenue to fund schools. We can even do it in a revenue-neutral way, thereby making it palatable to some Republicans.

In short,  Let’s use I-732 (revenue-neutral carbon tax swap) or something similar to beat I-1366 (Eyman’s 2/3 super-majority blackmail).

By way of background, recall that if I-1366 passes — and early returns suggest that it will — one of three things must happen.

  1. The legislature must put before Washington State voters a constitutional amendment requiring a 2/3 super-majority of legislators in both the state House and the state Senate (or a majority of voters) to approve any tax increase or reduction in tax breaks; or
  2. The state sales tax must be lowered from 6.5% to 5.5%; or
  3. The state Supreme Court will have to rule that I-1366 is unconstitutional.

But I say there’s a simple solution to this problem, even if the State Supreme Court fails to rule I-1366 to be unconstitutional.

Let’s go ahead and lower the sales tax 1% but at the same raise taxes on carbon, capital gains, and/or income to make up the loss.

The tax on carbon will be similar to the effect of I-732 being (successfully) pushed by CarbonWA. One difference is that I-732’s tax would be revenue-neutral, whereas the current proposal allows, but doesn’t necessitate, revenue neutrality.

Because I-732 apparently has enough signatures to succeed, and because I-732 is an initiative to the legislature, the legislature will need to decide next year whether to impose a revenue-neutral tax on carbon. If they fail to act, a measure will appear on the ballot in 2016 to raise tax on carbon and lower the sales tax and the B&O tax in a revenue-neutral way.  My point is:  the legislature can use a bill similar to I-732 to neutralize I-1366.

But in addition to raising tax on carbon, we should raise taxes on capital gains and/or on income (with the first, say, $50,000 of income exempt from tax).  These taxes would make Washington State’s tax system more fair and progressive.  They’d lower tax on most people.  After all, our state is said to have the most regressive tax system in the nation.

And we mustn’t forget all the special-interest tax breaks that should be eliminated as well.

The voters are correct to be angry about high taxes! Most people are over-paying. What most people don’t understand is the reason their taxes are too high: because our tax system is regressive.

The net result of this proposal is that we’d satisfy the words of I-1366 — we’d lower the sales tax by 1%.   But what’s great is that we’d also lower taxes on most people, help save the environment, and make our tax system more progressive.

Even if the tax shift is revenue-neutral — and that would be easier to pass in the legislature — the change will be a big win.

So, there should be no need to be afraid of I-1366 — if the legislature has the guts to do the right thing and if the people of Washington can be educated about what’s in their own self-interest.

The key is just that: educating the public.  Will our political leaders show some leadership and help educate the citizens?  And will we activists build an effective movement to help this happen? Until we educate the public on this issue, we will continue losing elections and initiatives.

I admit that Republicans in the legislature are unlikely to be reasonable about raising an income tax or capital gains tax. Most of them would be OK with public education failing and with homeless and sick people languishing on the streets. Conservatives will argue that the legislature mustn’t dare go against the will of the voters, who say by their votes that they do not want additional revenue. I have two answers to this.

First, if we make the change revenue-neutral, then the Republicans may agree. As CarbonWA has shown, many conservatives will agree to a revenue-neutral tax shift (for example, More and more conservative thinkers want to tax carbon. Will politicians and activists follow? and Why We Support a Revenue-Neutral Carbon Tax). In fact, many lefty groups are opposed to I-732 because of its revenue-neutrality and because it was designed in consultation with people from the conservative Washington Policy Center. (See Alliance for Jobs and Clean Energy, Carbon-tax initiative divides environmentalists, and Why I decline to sign I-732.)

Second, the voters are voting against their own self-interest and need to be educated as to why the current tax system is unfair and inadequate.

But we can beat I-1366 without raising revenue.

Stop voting against your own self-interest

I vote for Tim Eyman initiatives because I love preserving special interest tax breaks

Republicans raised taxes on the poor and the middle class

Governor Inslee on our unfair, regressive tax system