Dems want votes counted. Repugs don’t.

Marco Rubio: Democrats Are Trying to Steal Florida Senate Race by Counting All the Votes (Sounds like something from The Onion, or from Andy Borwoitz.)

Likewise, according to The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, 500,000 voters were recently purged.   “Since 2012, according to federal and state data, Georgia has removed about 1.4 million people from the voting rolls.”

Uncle Sam on the Lam

by Lansing Scott

Uncle Sam drinking
Drunk Uncle Sam is on the lam. He escaped from DC and has been hitchhiking across the country, sleeping under bridges, & drinking his Thunderbird for months now. Hes almost reached Vancouver, BC, where he will formally apply for political asylum.

Asked to explain his sudden departure from his job as personification of the United States of America, Sam said, “Are you fucking kidding me? Like anybody would want this job right now? They wanted me to lead a campaign encouraging ICE agents to separate babies from their mothers. That was the final straw. Luckily Id skipped town before they could make me recruit support for that rapist judge Kavanaugh.”

Asked why he was seeking political asylum in Canada, Sam said, “I’ve been in an abusive relationship with this government. I cant take it any more! Were all in serious danger unless we vote against Republican control of government on Nov. 6.”

Pointing his finger at the camera, drunk Uncle Sam said, “I WANT YOU to get out the vote in this election! Im not fucking kidding! DO IT!”

Why women — especially older women — rule in Washington State

Out of the 4.6 million registered voters in Washington State, 2.4 million (51.9%) are female.

Out of the 3.4 million active registered voters (meaning they’ve voted since 2012), 2.4 million (52.8%) are female.

Women rule — or at least decide who rules — in Washington State.

Furthermore, older people vote at much higher numbers than younger voters.     The following graph shows the number of registered voters by age of birth.

Voter Registration in Washington State

There are drop-offs for elderly people born before 1950, for the newly eligible people born since 1990, and for the double dip around 1970 — presumably the generation between the baby boomers and their children.  But aside from these drop-offs, the number of registered voters is rather flat.  However, the number of active voters (who have voted since 2012) shows a marked preference for the older voters:

Voter Registration in Washington State, for active voters

Young people need to vote more!

(Note: I gathered these stats from the voter registration database that I downloaded from the Washington State Secretary of State’s office.)

If we consider elderly active voters, the bias towards women is more extreme.  There are 799 thousand active female voters who were born before 1960. There are 703 thousand active male voters born before 1960.   So 53.1% of active elderly voters are female.

Some other interesting stats: King, Pierce, and Snohomish Counties have over half the registered voters in Washington State.  Female voters outnumber male voters 711 thousand to 673 thousand in King County.

Here are the numbers of registered voters by county.

+------------+----------+----------------------+
| CountyCode |  # Regs  |     Percent of total |
+------------+----------+----------------------+
| KI         |  1386134 |              29.8783 |
| PI         |   534848 |              11.5287 |
| SN         |   494310 |              10.6549 |
| SP         |   332249 |               7.1617 |
| CR         |   301612 |               6.5013 |
| TH         |   192481 |               4.1490 |
| KP         |   180618 |               3.8932 |
| WM         |   149761 |               3.2281 |
| YA         |   121799 |               2.6254 |
| BE         |   111978 |               2.4137 |
| SK         |    78947 |               1.7017 |
| CZ         |    70074 |               1.5105 |
| IS         |    60167 |               1.2969 |
| CM         |    54836 |               1.1820 |
| LE         |    49506 |               1.0671 |
| GY         |    47050 |               1.0142 |
| CH         |    45999 |               0.9915 |
| GR         |    45724 |               0.9856 |
| MA         |    40770 |               0.8788 |
| FR         |    38318 |               0.8259 |
| WL         |    36834 |               0.7940 |
| ST         |    32640 |               0.7036 |
| KS         |    26991 |               0.5818 |
| JE         |    26713 |               0.5758 |
| WT         |    25873 |               0.5577 |
| OK         |    24325 |               0.5243 |
| DG         |    21702 |               0.4678 |
| AS         |    16504 |               0.3557 |
| KT         |    15786 |               0.3403 |
| PA         |    15230 |               0.3283 |
| SJ         |    13506 |               0.2911 |
| PE         |    10116 |               0.2181 |
| SM         |     8097 |               0.1745 |
| LI         |     7402 |               0.1596 |
| AD         |     7175 |               0.1547 |
| FE         |     5170 |               0.1114 |
| WK         |     3231 |               0.0696 |
| CU         |     3011 |               0.0649 |
| GA         |     1780 |               0.0384 |
+------------+----------+----------------------

Though King County has lots of registrations, its turnout is lower than many other counties. Here’s a table showing turnout by county (again, voters are those who have voted since 2012).

+------------+---------+------------+-----------------+
| CountyCode | Active  | Registered | Percent turnout |
+------------+---------+------------+-----------------+
| SJ         |   11667 |     13506  |     86.4%       |  San Juan County
| LI         |    6238 |      7402  |     84.3%       |  Lincoln County
| JE         |   22170 |     26713  |     83.0%       |  Jefferson County
| CU         |    2468 |      3011  |     82.0%       |
| GA         |    1445 |      1780  |     81.2%       |
| WK         |    2585 |      3231  |     80.0%       |
| CM         |   43310 |     54836  |     79.0%       |
| ST         |   25683 |     32640  |     78.7%       |
| FE         |    4064 |      5170  |     78.6%       |
| SK         |   61914 |     78947  |     78.4%       |
| IS         |   46750 |     60167  |     77.7%       |
| OK         |   18873 |     24325  |     77.6%       |
| PA         |   11811 |     15230  |     77.6%       |
| WM         |  115759 |    149761  |     77.3%       |
| KS         |   20795 |     26991  |     77.0%       |
| CH         |   35344 |     45999  |     76.8%       |
| MA         |   31242 |     40770  |     76.6%       |
| SM         |    6197 |      8097  |     76.5%       |
| BE         |   85388 |    111978  |     76.3%       |
| WL         |   28073 |     36834  |     76.2%       |
| PE         |    7678 |     10116  |     75.9%       |
| LE         |   37463 |     49506  |     75.7%       |
| KI         | 1046928 |   1386134  |     75.5%       |
| KP         |  136283 |    180618  |     75.5%       |
| KT         |   11876 |     15786  |     75.2%       |   King County
| SN         |  370888 |    494310  |     75.0%       |   Snohohomish County
| WT         |   19396 |     25873  |     75.0%       |
| SP         |  248881 |    332249  |     74.9%       |
| DG         |   16072 |     21702  |     74.6%       |
| AD         |    5229 |      7175  |     72.9%       |
| TH         |  140214 |    192481  |     72.8%       |
| PI         |  388218 |    534848  |     72.6%       |   Pierce County
| CR         |  216499 |    301612  |     71.8%       |
| CZ         |   49609 |     70074  |     70.8%       |
| GY         |   33155 |     47050  |     70.5%       |
| YA         |   85157 |    121799  |     69.9%       |
| GR         |   31583 |     45724  |     69.1%       |
| AS         |   11031 |     16504  |     66.8%       |
| FR         |   25400 |     38318  |     66.3%       |
+------------+---------+------------+-----------------+

The following image shows turnout by zipcode in Washington State.
Turnout by Zipcode in Washington State

Earlier this year, in How does voter turnout vary with income?, I showed the degree to which wealthy people vote more  than poorer people.  I reproduce the relevant graph below. (Click on it for a larger version.)

Voter turnout by median income

There is a trend in the graph: the richer zipcodes (on the right) tend to have higher turn out (towards the top). That’s why the graph tends towards the upper right. There are exceptions — zipcodes with lower income and higher turnouts.

You can also see to which voters tend to be older and female from the following chart from the Secretary of State’s office, showing voter turnout in the 2014 election:

Age     Gender  Number of Voters
18 - 24 years   Female  174801
18 - 24 years   Male    167837
18 - 24 years   UnKnown 376
18 - 24 years   Total   343014
25 - 34 years   Female  331861
25 - 34 years   Male    304675
25 - 34 years   UnKnown 410
25 - 34 years   Total   636946
35 - 44 years   Female  322444
35 - 44 years   Male    300368
35 - 44 years   UnKnown 369
35 - 44 years   Total   623181
45 - 54 years   Female  365392
45 - 54 years   Male    343584
45 - 54 years   UnKnown 345
45 - 54 years   Total   709321
55 - 64 years   Female  392350
55 - 64 years   Male    359749
55 - 64 years   UnKnown 372
55 - 64 years   Total   752471
65 and over     Female  461011
65 and over     Male    396921
65 and over     UnKnown 414
65 and over     Total   858346
Grand   Total   3923279

In short, older people, rich people, and females tend to be the people who vote most.

According to the Secretary of State’s Voting Participation Statistics, in the 2012 elections, 60.8% of the voting age population voted. In the midterm elections of 2014 only 39.5% of eligible people voted.

Letter to the editor in Bellevue Reporter, on attack ads and Litzow

On the day the primary election ballots arrived in my mailbox, I also received an attack ad, from a group opposed to 41st LD state Senate candidate Lisa Wellman. Wow, they’re starting early this year! In 2010 her opponent, Steve Litzow, won by about 200 votes because of last-minute attack ads sent out by an organization funded by the Koch Brothers; at least they waited til right before the general election. Unfortunately, attack ads tend to work, regardless of the accuracy of their content.

Here’s hoping that Washington State voters wise up and realize that the Republican policies serve the few, by burdening us with regressive taxes. For example, did you know that Republicans actually raised your taxes? The regressive gas tax just went up a nickel and will rise again next year [Oops. I got that wrong. It rose last year. My apologies.] Republicans are OK with regressive taxes, such as the gas tax and the sales tax. But they vehemently oppose closing tax loopholes that favor the rich, and they oppose taxing capital gains.

Response to Jonathan Rauch's "How American Politics Went Insane"

In a lengthy article in The Atlantic, How American Politics Went Insane, Jonathan Rauch diagnoses dysfunction in American politics as being caused by a breakdown of party structure and the rise of extremist outside groups such as the Tea Party who can’t be controlled. Rauch’s proposed solution to our political dysfunction is to bring back strong party machines that can enforce discipline and fight off extremists. Rauch wants to bring back pork-barrel spending, secret negotiations in smoke-filled rooms, and control by party bosses and committee chairs.

But what’s to prevent extremists from taking over party machinery? The main problem is extremism (on the right) fueled by donations from self-interested corporations and rich people.

This question was addressed by James Madison in Federalist Paper #10, where he worried both about extremists factions taking over the government and about majorities oppressing minorities. He thought that the large number of representatives, interests, and electors would make it difficult for factions to take over.  He thought that no single self-interested faction would be large enough to become a majority capable of oppressing others. He thought that the voters would tend to select worthy representatives. Apparently he was overly optimistic.

Madison explored majority rule v. minority rights in this essay. He countered that it was exactly the great number of factions and diversity that would avoid tyranny. Groups would be forced to negotiate and compromise among themselves, arriving at solutions that would respect the rights of minorities. Further, he argued that the large size of the country would actually make it more difficult for factions to gain control over others. “The influence of factious leaders may kindle a flame within their particular States, but will be unable to spread a general conflagration through the other States.”

Washington State caucus disasters

One of the Washington State Democratic Legislative District caucuses ran to 12:45 AM. It started at 12 noon.   Several other caucuses took six to eight hours.

On facebook the vast majority of people commenting want to do away with the caucus system and use a primary. For many people, the caucus experience was a nightmare. At mine, the police were ticketing and towing vehicles at one point.

Caucuses are an excellent way to discourage people from participating in the Democratic Party

Someone pointed out, though, that caucuses enable outside (nonorthodox) candidates like Sanders to win — at least in states with open caucses, like Washington. Open caucuses mean that anyone can declare themselves a Democrat and vote in the caucus.  This year it’s clear that thousands of Independents — many young people, in particular — caucused for Bernie Sanders.   In states which have closed caucuses or, like New York, which have a closed primary, it’s harder for outside candidates to win.

Also, with primaries, the less informed, more easily misled general public gets to vote, so it’s harder for a committed minority to take over.

On facebook Raechel Morera‎ wrote:

Did anyone else encounter issues with the state Democratic Party rule change about alternates moving to other precincts where delegates didn’t show up, as long as they pledged as an alternate for the same candidate?

We had 4 HRC supporters who pledged as Bernie alternates at their last caucus, move to other precincts still claiming to be Sanders alternates, then becoming Sanders delegates, and then change their final votes to Hillary. We all caught on because, we were running so behind, we decided to ask anyone changing their final vote to stand, instead of having to tally all the votes again, assuming no one was going to flip candidates at this point. These 4 people stood up and changed their votes, all from Bernie, to Hillary (which, come on, doesn’t happen). They had put on Hillary stickers and everything.

It was obvious this was something that was planned to try to throw the delegate count. Being there was only 4 of them, it didn’t make a difference, but it seemed obvious this change from the state party was in HRC’s favor and these people knew what they were doing.

Thought I should share. I was in the 44th District.

How does voter turnout vary with income?

Voter turnout versus median income by zipcode in Washington State
(Click for a larger version)

The graph above shows one point (a “+”) for 414 zip-codes in Washington State having greater than 1000 population in 2010. The X axis value for each point represents the median income; the Y axis value for each point represents the voter turnout (defined as the the number of residents who voted between 2012 and 2014 divided by the population in 2010). Median income and population data per zip-code were sourced here”. Voter data come from here. Points were omitted for zip-codes with population under 1000.

The graph should be regarded as approximate only, since the voting data came from a different source (the Secretary of State of Washington) than the population and income data (the University of Michigan), and since in data of this form there are always anomalies, errors, and special cases. For example, several military bases have high populations but low voter turnout; presumably, the residents vote in another state.

Another problem is that the population includes people under 18 years old, so in zipcodes with many children, for example, the turnout will appear lower. I plan to redo this analysis accounting for that problem.

Can anyone say why in Cle Elum more people voted than the population?

And why was turnout so high in Yacolt, Lopez Island, and Port Ludlow?

In general, wealthier zip-codes vote more.  Some extreme zip-codes are labeled.

But some zip-codes with moderate income have high turnout. What characteristics explain that and can we use that information to increase turnout?

See Graph showing the extent to which young people don’t vote for similar analysis.

Here’s the raw joined data:

+---------+--------+------------+----------+---------------------+
| zipcode | median | population | # voters | # voters/population |
+---------+--------+------------+----------+---------------------+
| 98001   |  73052 |      31911 |    13911 |              0.4359 |
| 98002   |  40586 |      31647 |    10113 |              0.3196 |
| 98003   |  52410 |      44151 |    14428 |              0.3268 |
| 98004   |  99669 |      27946 |    15075 |              0.5394 |
| 98005   |  72812 |      17714 |     8225 |              0.4643 |
| 98006   | 104825 |      36364 |    19926 |              0.5480 |
| 98007   |  69589 |      24889 |     7265 |              0.2919 |
| 98008   |  89013 |      24411 |    12124 |              0.4967 |
| 98010   |  87030 |       5025 |     2858 |              0.5688 |
| 98011   |  68584 |      29212 |    11658 |              0.3991 |
| 98012   |  87772 |      51136 |    26217 |              0.5127 |
| 98014   |  89478 |       6765 |     3923 |              0.5799 |
| 98019   |  99893 |      10725 |     6044 |              0.5635 |
| 98020   |  74324 |      18304 |    12807 |              0.6997 |
| 98021   |  85127 |      26722 |    13902 |              0.5202 |
| 98022   |  68314 |      20987 |    10981 |              0.5232 |
| 98023   |  66228 |      47510 |    19457 |              0.4095 |
| 98024   |  96642 |       5650 |     2927 |              0.5181 |
| 98026   |  75933 |      35921 |    19882 |              0.5535 |
| 98027   |  94297 |      26141 |    15057 |              0.5760 |
| 98028   |  86310 |      20419 |    11487 |              0.5626 |
| 98029   |  99662 |      24348 |    11918 |              0.4895 |
| 98030   |  56657 |      33769 |    10927 |              0.3236 |
| 98031   |  65442 |      36581 |    14943 |              0.4085 |
| 98032   |  51834 |      33853 |    10095 |              0.2982 |
| 98033   |  96609 |      34338 |    19508 |              0.5681 |
| 98034   |  78393 |      40407 |    23304 |              0.5767 |
| 98036   |  65884 |      36000 |    16218 |              0.4505 |
| 98037   |  60621 |      26889 |    11134 |              0.4141 |
| 98038   |  94082 |      31171 |    17706 |              0.5680 |
| 98039   | 174729 |       2971 |     1922 |              0.6469 |  Medina, WA 98839
| 98040   | 128906 |      22699 |    15236 |              0.6712 |  Mercer Island, WA 98040
| 98042   |  82732 |      43673 |    21790 |              0.4989 |
| 98043   |  54921 |      19943 |     9097 |              0.4562 |
| 98045   |  85740 |      13888 |     7861 |              0.5660 |
| 98047   |  50949 |       6339 |     2041 |              0.3220 |
| 98051   |  79974 |       3270 |     1926 |              0.5890 |
| 98052   |  93173 |      58442 |    24738 |              0.4233 |
| 98053   | 114287 |      18784 |    11067 |              0.5892 |
| 98055   |  63946 |      21904 |     8479 |              0.3871 |
| 98056   |  64105 |      32489 |    13477 |              0.4148 |
| 98057   |  46919 |      10613 |     4213 |              0.3970 |
| 98058   |  81492 |      41938 |    19608 |              0.4675 |
| 98059   |  84573 |      34463 |    17313 |              0.5024 |
| 98065   | 108108 |      12699 |     7035 |              0.5540 |
| 98070   |  79055 |      10624 |     7249 |              0.6823 |
| 98072   |  98841 |      22312 |    12839 |              0.5754 |
| 98074   | 134159 |      25748 |    13228 |              0.5137 |
| 98075   | 132144 |      20715 |    11294 |              0.5452 |
| 98077   | 120738 |      13585 |     8246 |              0.6070 |
| 98087   |  57839 |      29976 |    11106 |              0.3705 |
| 98092   |  77882 |      39816 |    18105 |              0.4547 |
| 98101   |  37606 |      10238 |     5936 |              0.5798 |
| 98102   |  57724 |      20756 |    13875 |              0.6685 |
| 98103   |  69942 |      45911 |    28948 |              0.6305 |
| 98104   |  23742 |      13095 |     4361 |              0.3330 |
| 98105   |  52145 |      43924 |    16732 |              0.3809 |
| 98106   |  60618 |      22873 |    10584 |              0.4627 |
| 98107   |  64804 |      21147 |    14317 |              0.6770 |
| 98108   |  55353 |      22374 |     8340 |              0.3728 |
| 98109   |  61978 |      20715 |    11850 |              0.5720 |
| 98110   |  92687 |      23025 |    15678 |              0.6809 |
| 98112   |  90529 |      21077 |    14630 |              0.6941 |
| 98115   |  82556 |      46206 |    29956 |              0.6483 |
| 98116   |  75728 |      22241 |    14950 |              0.6722 |
| 98117   |  76908 |      31365 |    21706 |              0.6920 |
| 98118   |  51093 |      42731 |    18906 |              0.4424 |
| 98119   |  67705 |      21039 |    12137 |              0.5769 |
| 98121   |  53600 |      12628 |     5922 |              0.4690 |
| 98122   |  57971 |      31454 |    17672 |              0.5618 |
| 98125   |  47910 |      30826 |    19970 |              0.6478 |
| 98126   |  64247 |      20698 |    11502 |              0.5557 |
| 98133   |  57182 |      44555 |    22866 |              0.5132 |
| 98136   |  77761 |      14770 |    10089 |              0.6831 |
| 98144   |  58263 |      26881 |    14213 |              0.5287 |
| 98146   |  53913 |      25922 |    10956 |              0.4227 |
| 98148   |  50183 |      10010 |     3558 |              0.3554 |
| 98155   |  71748 |      32778 |    18942 |              0.5779 |
| 98166   |  62107 |      20301 |    11387 |              0.5609 |
| 98168   |  47612 |      33734 |    10808 |              0.3204 |
| 98177   |  85481 |      19030 |    13306 |              0.6992 |
| 98178   |  55777 |      24092 |    10172 |              0.4222 |
| 98188   |  44313 |      23111 |     7916 |              0.3425 |
| 98198   |  59070 |      34584 |    13769 |              0.3981 |
| 98199   |  93940 |      19686 |    13160 |              0.6685 |
| 98201   |  39719 |      29582 |    11319 |              0.3826 |
| 98203   |  60383 |      34354 |    14707 |              0.4281 |
| 98204   |  46667 |      39380 |    10000 |              0.2539 |
| 98208   |  73266 |      51802 |    22743 |              0.4390 |
| 98221   |  51489 |      18248 |    12884 |              0.7060 |
| 98223   |  65194 |      40815 |    20045 |              0.4911 |
| 98225   |  37035 |      46172 |    21700 |              0.4700 |
| 98226   |  51756 |      41235 |    20933 |              0.5077 |
| 98229   |  55157 |      30321 |    16636 |              0.5487 |
| 98230   |  56395 |      15710 |     8246 |              0.5249 |
| 98232   |  76213 |       3920 |     2434 |              0.6209 |
| 98233   |  55440 |      14871 |     5970 |              0.4015 |
| 98236   |  64644 |       5635 |     3739 |              0.6635 |
| 98237   |  43647 |       4025 |     1704 |              0.4234 |
| 98239   |  60957 |       6646 |     4434 |              0.6672 |
| 98240   |  57557 |       3061 |     1595 |              0.5211 |
| 98241   |  43891 |       2129 |      836 |              0.3927 |
| 98244   |  42970 |       3001 |     1634 |              0.5445 |
| 98245   |  49232 |       3651 |     2450 |              0.6710 |
| 98247   |  58303 |       9072 |     3980 |              0.4387 |
| 98248   |  56492 |      22361 |    11227 |              0.5021 |
| 98249   |  58955 |       4561 |     3064 |              0.6718 |
| 98250   |  53080 |       7664 |     5085 |              0.6635 |
| 98251   |  58666 |       4567 |     2111 |              0.4622 |
| 98252   |  67096 |       8777 |     3949 |              0.4499 |
| 98253   |  56636 |       1837 |     1306 |              0.7109 |
| 98257   |  55632 |       4134 |     2539 |              0.6142 |
| 98258   |  74694 |      30524 |    20292 |              0.6648 |
| 98260   |  60239 |       5278 |     3801 |              0.7202 |
| 98261   |  52606 |       2383 |     1816 |              0.7621 |   Lopez Island, 98261
| 98264   |  54871 |      18893 |    11005 |              0.5825 |
| 98266   |  42970 |       3642 |     1205 |              0.3309 |
| 98270   |  68071 |      45899 |    19388 |              0.4224 |
| 98271   |  64937 |      27184 |    12262 |              0.4511 |
| 98272   |  72407 |      27942 |    11879 |              0.4251 |
| 98273   |  47849 |      28717 |    11009 |              0.3834 |
| 98274   |  60103 |      16613 |     8547 |              0.5145 |
| 98275   |  91715 |      20256 |    10910 |              0.5386 |
| 98277   |  50269 |      35219 |    15471 |              0.4393 |
| 98281   |  55388 |       1314 |      707 |              0.5381 |
| 98282   |  62239 |      15661 |     9960 |              0.6360 |
| 98284   |  56507 |      24331 |    10534 |              0.4329 |
| 98290   |  74068 |      32714 |    18269 |              0.5584 |
| 98292   |  70020 |      20987 |    11493 |              0.5476 |
| 98294   |  64505 |       6595 |     2885 |              0.4375 |
| 98295   |  53071 |       2409 |     1148 |              0.4765 |
| 98296   | 104505 |      27956 |    14236 |              0.5092 |
| 98303   |  45442 |       1037 |      722 |              0.6962 |
| 98310   |  38591 |      16286 |     8069 |              0.4955 |
| 98311   |  62106 |      25880 |    12166 |              0.4701 |
| 98312   |  53554 |      30203 |    12713 |              0.4209 |
| 98314   | 114375 |       3329 |       27 |              0.0081 |  Bremerton, WA 98314  (Navy Base Kitsap)
| 98315   |  39601 |       6054 |      420 |              0.0694 |  Silverdale, WA 98315 (Bangor Trindent Navy Base)
| 98320   |  33583 |       1250 |      838 |              0.6704 |
| 98321   |  70490 |      15152 |     7168 |              0.4731 |
| 98325   |  53580 |       1848 |     1128 |              0.6104 |
| 98326   |  50430 |       1412 |      205 |              0.1452 |
| 98327   |  81315 |       8267 |     3210 |              0.3883 |
| 98328   |  59019 |      10433 |     5062 |              0.4852 |
| 98329   |  70406 |      10545 |     5380 |              0.5102 |
| 98331   |  44773 |       6261 |     2089 |              0.3337 |
| 98332   |  84807 |      15855 |     9815 |              0.6190 |
| 98333   |  93517 |       3633 |     2598 |              0.7151 |
| 98335   |  79594 |      24925 |    15546 |              0.6237 |
| 98337   |  38537 |       6697 |     2289 |              0.3418 |
| 98338   |  69142 |      24098 |    12204 |              0.5064 |
| 98339   |  41673 |       3326 |     1732 |              0.5207 |
| 98340   |  63196 |       2537 |     1636 |              0.6449 |
| 98342   |  67000 |       1370 |      949 |              0.6927 |
| 98346   |  63787 |       9297 |     5218 |              0.5613 |
| 98349   |  54009 |       4614 |     2247 |              0.4870 |
| 98351   |  45442 |       1115 |      635 |              0.5695 |
| 98354   |  62253 |       6976 |     3279 |              0.4700 |
| 98356   |  47580 |       2149 |      910 |              0.4235 |
| 98357   |  32069 |       1414 |      389 |              0.2751 |
| 98359   |  62508 |       4887 |     2668 |              0.5459 |
| 98360   |  74154 |      12221 |     5702 |              0.4666 |
| 98361   |  38861 |       1158 |      604 |              0.5216 |
| 98362   |  44158 |      22230 |    11800 |              0.5308 |
| 98363   |  46987 |      13343 |     6565 |              0.4920 |
| 98365   |  61118 |       4528 |     3457 |              0.7635 |   Port Ludlow, WA 98365
| 98366   |  54727 |      34258 |    15961 |              0.4659 |
| 98367   |  67516 |      27693 |    14835 |              0.5357 |
| 98368   |  44355 |      14724 |    10290 |              0.6989 |
| 98370   |  69037 |      29528 |    16644 |              0.5637 |
| 98371   |  58921 |      20468 |    10943 |              0.5346 |
| 98372   |  65294 |      22475 |    11001 |              0.4895 |
| 98373   |  62962 |      22246 |     9574 |              0.4304 |
| 98374   |  73314 |      37360 |    17405 |              0.4659 |
| 98375   |  73130 |      26863 |    10722 |              0.3991 |
| 98377   |  39811 |       1922 |      968 |              0.5036 |
| 98380   |  75835 |       4173 |     2824 |              0.6767 |
| 98382   |  46020 |      26856 |    17156 |              0.6388 |
| 98383   |  66531 |      19727 |     9561 |              0.4847 |
| 98387   |  63338 |      43173 |    16395 |              0.3798 |
| 98388   |  67144 |       7508 |     3211 |              0.4277 |
| 98390   |  54886 |      10461 |     4672 |              0.4466 |
| 98391   |  80779 |      44309 |    21403 |              0.4830 |
| 98392   |  62802 |       2994 |     1492 |              0.4983 |
| 98394   |  66953 |       1107 |      639 |              0.5772 |
| 98402   |  24337 |       6356 |     1967 |              0.3095 |
| 98403   |  51479 |       7713 |     4163 |              0.5397 |
| 98404   |  43225 |      32086 |     9308 |              0.2901 |
| 98405   |  37834 |      22851 |     9004 |              0.3940 |
| 98406   |  58103 |      21610 |    11656 |              0.5394 |
| 98407   |  63502 |      19885 |    11953 |              0.6011 |
| 98408   |  48880 |      18830 |     7274 |              0.3863 |
| 98409   |  43856 |      22989 |     6970 |              0.3032 |
| 98416   |  56926 |       1014 |      339 |              0.3343 |
| 98418   |  45513 |      10069 |     3629 |              0.3604 |
| 98421   |  53139 |       1308 |       27 |              0.0206 |  Tacoma, WA 98421 (Puyallup Reservation)
| 98422   |  81649 |      20151 |    10007 |              0.4966 |
| 98424   |  55180 |      10140 |     3076 |              0.3034 |
| 98433   |  39955 |      14584 |      921 |              0.0632 |  Joint Base Lewish-McChord
| 98439   |  37549 |       4839 |      619 |              0.1279 |
| 98443   |  60045 |       5371 |     2988 |              0.5563 |
| 98444   |  40764 |      33956 |     8987 |              0.2647 |
| 98445   |  55677 |      29661 |    11368 |              0.3833 |
| 98446   |  62298 |      10173 |     4798 |              0.4716 |
| 98465   |  50319 |       6340 |     3392 |              0.5350 |
| 98466   |  55556 |      26944 |    13424 |              0.4982 |
| 98467   |  61968 |      14728 |     6943 |              0.4714 |
| 98498   |  60339 |      27546 |    12543 |              0.4553 |
| 98499   |  37929 |      29750 |     8824 |              0.2966 |
| 98501   |  67447 |      38133 |    21735 |              0.5700 |
| 98502   |  58029 |      30491 |    16741 |              0.5490 |
| 98503   |  58777 |      36611 |    16044 |              0.4382 |
| 98506   |  58257 |      18199 |    10209 |              0.5610 |
| 98512   |  64092 |      28130 |    15106 |              0.5370 |
| 98513   |  66040 |      31975 |    14989 |              0.4688 |
| 98516   |  72611 |      20166 |    10630 |              0.5271 |
| 98520   |  42028 |      23814 |     8040 |              0.3376 |
| 98524   |  53548 |       3232 |     2110 |              0.6528 |
| 98528   |  54373 |       9983 |     4660 |              0.4668 |
| 98531   |  39493 |      24121 |     9287 |              0.3850 |
| 98532   |  50480 |      23596 |    10945 |              0.4638 |
| 98537   |  41783 |       2129 |     1025 |              0.4814 |
| 98541   |  43450 |      10101 |     3982 |              0.3942 |
| 98546   |  56817 |       2909 |     1631 |              0.5607 |
| 98547   |  34116 |       1436 |      608 |              0.4234 |
| 98548   |  49273 |       2193 |     1303 |              0.5942 |
| 98550   |  35109 |      11382 |     4303 |              0.3781 |
| 98557   |  49117 |       3225 |     1376 |              0.4267 |
| 98563   |  47899 |       8001 |     4056 |              0.5069 |
| 98564   |  40787 |       2459 |     1166 |              0.4742 |
| 98568   |  54789 |       2519 |     1021 |              0.4053 |
| 98569   |  43245 |       5784 |     3152 |              0.5450 |
| 98570   |  44762 |       3889 |     2066 |              0.5312 |
| 98576   |  63864 |       4667 |     2334 |              0.5001 |
| 98577   |  38140 |       6338 |     2993 |              0.4722 |
| 98579   |  53449 |      12870 |     5759 |              0.4475 |
| 98580   |  58951 |      11099 |     5053 |              0.4553 |
| 98584   |  43427 |      36630 |    15553 |              0.4246 |
| 98586   |  33895 |       1944 |      911 |              0.4686 |
| 98588   |  54583 |       1829 |      923 |              0.5046 |
| 98589   |  56583 |       7320 |     3908 |              0.5339 |
| 98591   |  40754 |       3952 |     1905 |              0.4820 |
| 98592   |  57529 |       1764 |     1260 |              0.7143 |
| 98593   |  38133 |       1113 |      454 |              0.4079 |
| 98595   |  34670 |       2917 |     1140 |              0.3908 |
| 98596   |  48031 |       6524 |     3080 |              0.4721 |
| 98597   |  59939 |      21557 |     8758 |              0.4063 |
| 98603   |  57831 |       1017 |      480 |              0.4720 |
| 98604   |  66855 |      34232 |    16371 |              0.4782 |
| 98605   |  44409 |       1225 |      483 |              0.3943 |
| 98606   |  77158 |       9027 |     5090 |              0.5639 |
| 98607   |  78700 |      27899 |    14408 |              0.5164 |
| 98610   |  42624 |       2811 |     1280 |              0.4554 |
| 98611   |  49539 |       9133 |     4736 |              0.5186 |
| 98617   |  42799 |       1042 |      526 |              0.5048 |
| 98620   |  31122 |       7123 |     3796 |              0.5329 |
| 98624   |  41878 |       1532 |      645 |              0.4210 |
| 98625   |  60023 |       6133 |     3221 |              0.5252 |
| 98626   |  45288 |      24523 |     9845 |              0.4015 |
| 98629   |  67437 |       8364 |     4439 |              0.5307 |
| 98631   |  40563 |       3243 |     1743 |              0.5375 |
| 98632   |  46267 |      49168 |    20479 |              0.4165 |
| 98635   |  42799 |       1735 |      960 |              0.5533 |
| 98638   |  38593 |       1321 |      804 |              0.6086 |
| 98640   |  39564 |       4380 |     2418 |              0.5521 |
| 98642   |  78203 |      15696 |     9176 |              0.5846 |
| 98645   |  46984 |       1429 |      716 |              0.5010 |
| 98648   |  47607 |       3100 |     1559 |              0.5029 |
| 98660   |  40658 |      11858 |     4727 |              0.3986 |
| 98661   |  42245 |      41740 |    14058 |              0.3368 |
| 98662   |  60185 |      31644 |    12680 |              0.4007 |
| 98663   |  49287 |      14115 |     5966 |              0.4227 |
| 98664   |  49362 |      21771 |     9450 |              0.4341 |
| 98665   |  52410 |      24057 |    10358 |              0.4306 |
| 98671   |  67254 |      21220 |    10343 |              0.4874 |
| 98672   |  45865 |       6146 |     2944 |              0.4790 |
| 98674   |  58633 |      11948 |     5548 |              0.4643 |
| 98675   |  34540 |       3982 |     3047 |              0.7652 |   Yacolt, WA 98675
| 98682   |  61316 |      52893 |    19991 |              0.3780 |
| 98683   |  58304 |      30832 |    14305 |              0.4640 |
| 98684   |  61316 |      26968 |    11074 |              0.4106 |
| 98685   |  74427 |      26217 |    14473 |              0.5520 |
| 98686   |  70201 |      17385 |     9090 |              0.5229 |
| 98801   |  49867 |      40977 |    17339 |              0.4231 |
| 98802   |  52477 |      28719 |    11692 |              0.4071 |
| 98812   |  39741 |       4899 |     1205 |              0.2460 |
| 98813   |  35013 |       3176 |      423 |              0.1332 |
| 98815   |  52435 |       7233 |     3291 |              0.4550 |
| 98816   |  43841 |       6153 |     3058 |              0.4970 |
| 98823   |  43467 |      11055 |     4512 |              0.4081 |
| 98826   |  47329 |       6504 |     4009 |              0.6164 |
| 98828   |  63605 |       2146 |     1040 |              0.4846 |
| 98831   |  46492 |       3708 |     1430 |              0.3857 |
| 98837   |  47764 |      39722 |    13952 |              0.3512 |
| 98840   |  35551 |       4851 |     2325 |              0.4793 |
| 98841   |  39328 |       9197 |     3356 |              0.3649 |
| 98843   |  35370 |       1817 |      533 |              0.2933 |
| 98844   |  26366 |       4740 |     2014 |              0.4249 |
| 98846   |  40187 |       1173 |      459 |              0.3913 |
| 98847   |  60158 |       1920 |      831 |              0.4328 |
| 98848   |  41303 |      11518 |     3087 |              0.2680 |
| 98849   |  41980 |       1078 |      546 |              0.5065 |
| 98850   |  43971 |       1543 |      423 |              0.2741 |
| 98851   |  33997 |       4014 |     1579 |              0.3934 |
| 98855   |  34401 |       5863 |     2720 |              0.4639 |
| 98856   |  38280 |       2464 |     1438 |              0.5836 |
| 98857   |  39394 |       4082 |      874 |              0.2141 |
| 98858   |  50528 |       1521 |      824 |              0.5417 |
| 98862   |  49973 |       2218 |     1556 |              0.7015 |
| 98901   |  41213 |      30169 |     8010 |              0.2655 |
| 98902   |  36895 |      46322 |    12920 |              0.2789 |
| 98903   |  49434 |      14517 |     6071 |              0.4182 |
| 98908   |  61313 |      35240 |    18313 |              0.5197 |
| 98922   |  25029 |       2176 |     3136 |              1.4412 |  Cle Elum, WA 98922
| 98923   |  49458 |       1434 |      486 |              0.3389 |
| 98926   |  38431 |      30239 |    12589 |              0.4163 |
| 98930   |  39679 |      15252 |     3262 |              0.2139 |
| 98932   |  36669 |       5032 |     1039 |              0.2065 |
| 98933   |  46201 |       1267 |      333 |              0.2628 |
| 98934   |  55721 |       1117 |      371 |              0.3321 |
| 98935   |  41538 |       4190 |      814 |              0.1943 |
| 98936   |  57487 |       5872 |     2182 |              0.3716 |
| 98937   |  48236 |       4112 |     2086 |              0.5073 |
| 98938   |  37453 |       2177 |      539 |              0.2476 |
| 98942   |  56430 |      16973 |     7845 |              0.4622 |
| 98944   |  36027 |      22009 |     4504 |              0.2046 |
| 98947   |  49516 |       2902 |      955 |              0.3291 |
| 98948   |  32220 |      13225 |     2791 |              0.2110 |
| 98951   |  37426 |      13739 |     2972 |              0.2163 |
| 98952   |  52282 |       2330 |      492 |              0.2112 |
| 98953   |  51942 |       6681 |     2525 |              0.3779 |
| 99001   |  37049 |       6151 |     1221 |              0.1985 |
| 99003   |  59601 |       4848 |     2961 |              0.6108 |
| 99004   |  44133 |      18376 |     7640 |              0.4158 |
| 99005   |  76046 |       8574 |     5271 |              0.6148 |
| 99006   |  48552 |      11946 |     6351 |              0.5316 |
| 99009   |  49249 |       3947 |     1941 |              0.4918 |
| 99011   |  41563 |       2776 |      401 |              0.1445 |
| 99012   |  46414 |       1064 |      473 |              0.4445 |
| 99013   |  51586 |       1785 |      385 |              0.2157 |
| 99016   |  57310 |      12480 |     6875 |              0.5509 |
| 99019   |  80650 |       9502 |     5487 |              0.5775 |
| 99021   |  70764 |       9174 |     5222 |              0.5692 |
| 99022   |  61907 |       8820 |     4209 |              0.4772 |
| 99025   |  60963 |       5232 |     2780 |              0.5313 |
| 99026   |  71412 |       9042 |     5336 |              0.5901 |
| 99027   |  56009 |       6101 |     3323 |              0.5447 |
| 99029   |  57763 |       1289 |      775 |              0.6012 |
| 99030   |  56006 |       1032 |      566 |              0.5484 |
| 99031   |  50313 |       1137 |      735 |              0.6464 |
| 99036   |  81912 |       1448 |      950 |              0.6561 |
| 99037   |  59311 |      12973 |     7115 |              0.5484 |
| 99101   |  40745 |       1453 |      785 |              0.5403 |
| 99109   |  32852 |       5109 |     2807 |              0.5494 |
| 99110   |  45251 |       1667 |      782 |              0.4691 |
| 99111   |  50425 |       4047 |     2193 |              0.5419 |
| 99114   |  41026 |      12018 |     6620 |              0.5508 |
| 99115   |  39145 |       1143 |      624 |              0.5459 |
| 99116   |  47090 |       1439 |      578 |              0.4017 |
| 99122   |  48326 |       3773 |     2089 |              0.5537 |
| 99123   |  37292 |       1058 |      538 |              0.5085 |
| 99133   |  37783 |       1493 |      632 |              0.4233 |
| 99138   |  34239 |       1209 |      388 |              0.3209 |
| 99141   |  42733 |       5240 |     2855 |              0.5448 |
| 99148   |  42982 |       2106 |     1266 |              0.6011 |
| 99155   |  48657 |       1350 |      284 |              0.2104 |
| 99156   |  33963 |       8114 |     4132 |              0.5092 |
| 99159   |  45176 |       1375 |      759 |              0.5520 |
| 99161   |  47614 |       1400 |      844 |              0.6029 |
| 99163   |  33585 |      31404 |     8379 |              0.2668 |
| 99166   |  34042 |       3222 |     1815 |              0.5633 |
| 99169   |  42260 |       2459 |     1282 |              0.5214 |
| 99170   |  41424 |       1072 |      614 |              0.5728 |
| 99173   |  38408 |       1532 |      762 |              0.4974 |
| 99181   |  37667 |       1901 |      959 |              0.5045 |
| 99185   |  41102 |       1295 |      778 |              0.6008 |
| 99201   |  23026 |      13342 |     4658 |              0.3491 |
| 99202   |  32373 |      21580 |     6221 |              0.2883 |
| 99203   |  63513 |      20192 |    12650 |              0.6265 |
| 99204   |  29511 |       6681 |     2654 |              0.3972 |
| 99205   |  43761 |      42137 |    19304 |              0.4581 |
| 99206   |  52962 |      34802 |    16515 |              0.4745 |
| 99207   |  31829 |      30854 |     9705 |              0.3145 |
| 99208   |  58998 |      49193 |    25865 |              0.5258 |
| 99212   |  47842 |      19197 |     9177 |              0.4780 |
| 99216   |  45625 |      24362 |    10213 |              0.4192 |
| 99217   |  45696 |      17423 |     7550 |              0.4333 |
| 99218   |  57574 |      15531 |     6656 |              0.4286 |
| 99223   |  62106 |      29273 |    16624 |              0.5679 |
| 99224   |  57618 |      18289 |     9762 |              0.5338 |
| 99301   |  48363 |      68191 |    20239 |              0.2968 |
| 99320   |  58836 |       9201 |     4089 |              0.4444 |
| 99323   |  54821 |       3684 |     1636 |              0.4441 |
| 99324   |  39857 |       9202 |     3812 |              0.4143 |
| 99326   |  42256 |       4956 |      982 |              0.1981 |
| 99328   |  43611 |       3733 |     2094 |              0.5609 |
| 99336   |  43329 |      48753 |    15448 |              0.3169 |
| 99337   |  65176 |      29845 |    13753 |              0.4608 |
| 99338   |  89378 |      11555 |     7479 |              0.6473 |
| 99343   |  46068 |       3040 |      747 |              0.2457 |
| 99344   |  40239 |      16817 |     3485 |              0.2072 |
| 99348   |  54833 |       1364 |      344 |              0.2522 |
| 99349   |  31250 |       8483 |      940 |              0.1108 |
| 99350   |  47707 |      12979 |     4618 |              0.3558 |
| 99352   |  78225 |      26975 |    15367 |              0.5697 |
| 99353   |  74947 |      13306 |     7822 |              0.5879 |
| 99354   |  63383 |      21343 |    10851 |              0.5084 |
| 99357   |  33540 |       4323 |      753 |              0.1742 |
| 99360   |  58366 |       1350 |      695 |              0.5148 |
| 99361   |  57663 |       1902 |     1062 |              0.5584 |
| 99362   |  85482 |      35927 |    17958 |              0.4998 |
| 99402   |  57091 |       1875 |     1030 |              0.5493 |
| 99403   |  42707 |      19475 |     9395 |              0.4824 |
+---------+--------+------------+----------+---------------------+
414 rows in set (1 min 2.59 sec)

Graph showing the extent to which young people don't vote

The graph below shows the number of people in Washington State who voted, graphed by year of birth. As you can see, most of the voters are about age 60.  There are not many voters of age 18 through 38.

Washington voters by age (2012-2014 voters)

Overall, 3,396,040 Washingtonians voted from 2012 through 2014. Of these voters, 1,932,662 of them were born during the twenty year period ending in 1966 (these people were between 48 and 68 years old in 2014). Only 872,286 of the voters were born between 1976 and 1996 (people between the ages of 18 and 38). Only 460,986 of the voters were between 18 and 30.  For every 1000 voters between 48 and 68, there were 635 voters between age 18 and 38.

Restricted to King County, 392,001 voters were between 48 and 68;  303,176 voters were between 18 and 38.  For every 1000 King County voters between 48 and 68, there were 773 voters between 18 and 38.  So, the turnout in King County for younger people is somewhat better.

It’s true that there were many people born in the 1950s (the baby boomers). Does this account for the high ration in the number of elderly voters compared to younger voters? Apparently not. The chart below (from the U.S. Census’ bureau’s article Age and Sex Composition: 2010) shows the population of the United States by age group for the 2010 census. As you can see, for both males and females, there were peaks in the number of people at age 50 (the baby boomers) and at age 20 (the children of the baby boomers).       There are more women of age about 50 than of age about 20; there are slightly more men of age about 20 than men of age 50.  But the population of men and women drop off rapidly after age 50 or so.

Population by age and gender (U.S. Census Bureau)

Note: to calculate the voter numbers, I downloaded the Washington State voter registration database (about 500 MB in size) from the Washington State Secretary of State; then I loaded the data into a database and ran SQL queries. See https://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/vrdb/VRDBFaq.aspx for an FAQ about the database.